The Pekingese is an aristocrat, whose ancestry can be traced back to the Tang Dynasty. Similar dogs had been known in China since the eighth century, but by the early 1800s they had become the favourites of the Imperial court and no commoner was allowed to own one. However, following the British sacking of Peking in 1860, four were found and brought back to England. Subsequently, others were obtained by more normal means. The Pekingese was accepted for registration in the USA in 1909 and in the UK the following year.
Source: The Kennel Club (Patronage): https://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/search/breeds-a-to-z/breeds/toy/pekingese/
Links to Breed Descriptions
Raskompendium för Pekingese
In Swedish - Text, layout & sammanställning av Renée Sporre-Willes 2019, på uppdrag av Svenska Kennelklubbens Centralstyrelse
AKC Pekingese Study Guide
Other Names for Breed
Country of Origin and Parent Breed Club
(Patronage - UK)
There are numerous breed standards. The basis of breed/conformation shows is the judging of pedigree dogs against the 'Breed Standard', which is a picture in words that describes the range of features that are deemed appropriate for the breed. Three of the major international standards are:
The American Kennel Club
The Kennel Club, UK
FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale)
1. Swedish Pekingese Club: SRD Statistics: http://www.pekingeselogen.com/om-pekingesen/srd-statistik/
Registration Statistics: 2003- 2015 http://www.pekingeselogen.com/om-pekingesen/registreringsstatistik/
2. Finland: KoiraNet-jalostustietojärjestelmä: Pekingese: http://jalostus.kennelliitto.fi/frmEtusivu.aspx?R=207
Breeding/Health Strategy Documents
Health/Breeding Strategy Documents and Links:
The Kennel Club, UK: Breed Watch (Category 3)
Sweden: Breed-specific Breeding Strategies: (in Swedish) and/ or English summary
Breed Specific Instructions [BSI] (Nordic Countries)
Pekingese – brachycephalic and chondrodystrophic type
The special conformation of this breed by the shortened skull, overly short bridge of nose and jaws may cause health problems if exaggerated.
Areas of risk are related to exaggerated dwarfism, brachycephaly and chondrodystrophy:
1. Breathing: Problems caused by narrow and insufficient room in general air passages: pharyngeal cavities and/or ribcage and/or pinched nostrils.
2. Eyes: Protruding eyes which increase the risk for injuries.
3. Nose wrinkle: Overhanging nose wrinkle obstructing nostrils and can also cause inflammation.
4. General construction: Weak with poor ribcage, short sternal bone and bad muscle condition.
5. Coat: Coat which can be too profuse and/or woolly and cause discomfort. The standard reads “Length and volume of coat should neither impair the activity of the dog nor obscure the shapeliness of body. Excessive coat must be heavily penalized.”
“All signs of respiratory distress are unacceptable and should be heavily penalized”. Breathing shall be assessed with dog in action. Untypical/unsound movement must not be confused with “Typically slow, dignified rolling gait in front”.
“Any signs of inability to move soundly are unacceptable and should be heavily penalized”.
UK: The Pekingese Club (UK) Peke Health Assessment (Blank form)
Document used to create Health Assessment (The Kennel Club)
http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/media/506939/visual_health_assessment___data_collection_guidance.pdf DATED LINK: see Internet Archives: https://web.archive.org/web/20150423071124/http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/media/506939/visual_health_assessment___data_collection_guidance.pdf or internal retained for archiving purposes. visual_health_assessment___data_collection_guidance.pdf
Breed-Specific DNA Tests:
Other Breed-Specific Webpages
Archived UK Pekingese club pages of note...
Fit for function: https://web.archive.org/web/20160730001932/http://the-north-of-england-pekingese-club.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/Fit-for-Function.pdf Internal: Fit-for-Function.pdf
We are listing sites for breed clubs with health or other information that might be helpful. Follow links below.
UK: Sovereign Pekingese Association
Birmingham Invicta Pekingese Club Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Birmingham-Invicta-Pekingese-Club-1760952924177059/
US: The Pekingese Club of America http://thepekingeseclubofamerica.net/
Sweden: Pekingeselogen http://www.pekingeselogen.com/
Finland: Suomen Pekingesikerho - Finska Pekingeserklubben ry: http://www.pekingesikerho.com/
France: CLUB DU PEKINOIS ET DU JAPONAIS http://clubpekinoisjaponais.com/