Check out our Blogs! Our Blogs are provided by our Partners, Experts and IPFD Board.
They include a diverse array of thought provoking information...from quick news items to controversial and challenging issues and comments and discussions from our members.
IPFD Board member, Dr. Patricia Olson, recently gave a keynote speech on comparative research at the One Health conference at Chicago's Midwestern University. See her thought-provoking talk in the IPFD People Out and About blog.
Dr. Gregoire Leroy has posted a new blog entry commenting on a recently published paper: Trends in genetic diversity for all Kennel Club registered pedigree dog breeds from Dr. Tom Lewis at The KC, UK. This a 'Hot Topic' and Gregoire links to discussions ongoing elsewhere online.
Purebred Dog Health -- Discussions
AKC recently posted an article by Dr. Jerry Klein, Chief Veterinary Officer of AKC which addresses health issues in dogs.
This article provides insights -- addressing breed management and the focus on health issues held by purebred dog fanciers. Perhaps the most practical statement made by Dr. Klein pertains to approaching dog ownership from a realistic perspective, "Whether you choose a dog from a breeder, or from a shelter, it’s important to remember that any dog, like any person, can become ill in its life. All dog owners need to be prepared for that possibility because the fact is that dogs, like people, suffer from a number of hereditary diseases. That is true of all dogs – both purebred and mixed-breed."
The study's objective was to determine the proportion of mixed-breed and purebred dogs with common genetic disorders.
See the table for 'Distribution and descriptive statistics of mixed-breed and purebred dogs with inherited conditions diagnosed over a 15-year period. "Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Prevalence of genetic disorders in both populations was related to the specific disorder. Recently derived breeds or those from similar lineages appeared to be more susceptible to certain disorders that affect all closely related purebred dogs, whereas disorders with equal prevalence in the 2 populations suggested that those disorders represented more ancient mutations that are widely spread through the dog population. Results provided insight on how breeding practices may reduce prevalence of a disorder. (J Am Vet Med Assoc 2013;242:1549–1555)"
Good Reading from The Kennel Club
"The Dog Health Group develops strategy on the health and welfare aspects of the Kennel Club’s work, co-ordinating and monitoring initiatives via the specialist sub-groups. These subgroups allow for a dynamic approach on emerging issues, with their diverse external memberships each ensuring that perspective and balance is maintained throughout the Kennel Club’s drive towards ever improving health and welfare."
In 2014, the Kennel Club carried out the Pedigree Breed Health Survey. This was a nationwide survey of UK pedigree dogs to help understand the health of each breed. Results for breeds have been posted.
The Finnish Kennel Club (FKC) has long had a close relationship with the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki. Researchers Anu Lappalainen and OUti Laitnen-Vapaavuori, together with Katariina Mäki, geneticist at the FKC have recently published a paper on the heritability of intervertebral disc calcification in Dachshunds. This work not only provides high-quality information for the veterinary and research community; it will also translate directly into practical application. It provides the background for the FKC to provide Estimated Breeding Value (EBV) calculations on this trait to inform breeding decisions. ( See other articles on EBVs on DogWellNet.com)
This work could not be done, however, without the broad and ongoing work of the FKC to support the health and well-being of dogs. As presented elsewhere on DogWellNet.com this work is underpinned by the ongoing programs of the FKC, their ethical approach, extensive breeding-strategy programs and an excellent working arrangement with breed clubs and breeders.
For an overview of the Tuft's Canine & Feline Breeding & Genetics Conferences see Symposia and Health Conferences.
Topics include: Genetics and Behavior, Tools to Improve Canine Health, DNA tests - How to Choose Which Ones to Use, Breeding Practices and more.
This resource offers information on canine genetics, health management strategies and disease specific research presentations.
Reaching out to the Behaviour Community - our IPFD CEO hopes to be welcoming experts from this discipline onto DogWellNet.com.
Check out Dr. Gregoire Leroy's latest thought provoking post - Behavior inheritance and consequences
"For most dog breeders, behavior represents a major challenge. It is indeed one of the main fields of interest in terms of breeding."
Katariina Mäki is using the Finnish Kennel Club news blog to profile new and exciting work at the FKK.
See, e.g. Frequency of canine hip and elbow dysplasia decreasing in Finland
Don't miss Katariina's latest blog post, Finnish dog breed populations improving their health - hip dysplasia which includes a link to "Breeding against hip and elbow dysplasia in dogs" at http://ethesis.helsinki.fi/julkaisut/maa/kotie/vk/maki/. Excerpt from the abstract: "The objective of this study was to develop breeding strategies to reduce the incidence of canine hip and elbow dysplasia. For this purpose, investigations were conducted on the mode of inheritance as well as genetic parameters, genetic trends and selection differentials for the traits. Population structure and inbreeding were also examined, and finally, various selection schemes were compared by a simulation study to find out potential genetic responses and possibilities for a comprehensive breeding program."
The thesis/study provides not only an in depth examination of hip and elbow dysplasia, but goes on to discuss the implementation of appropriate breeding strategies to decrease incidence of disease. These strategies, whether implemented at a kennel club, breed club or individual's breeding program level have great potential to make a difference in the quality of dog's lives - this thesis/study is a must read for club's health committees and breeders.
See Dr.Gregoire Leroy's blog full of stimulating and challenging thoughts on dog breeding and genetics.
The Kennel Club-dog health group annual report 2015 (pdf)