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  3. As we have seen, veterinarians and their organizations have been engaging significantly in aspects of health in breeds and healthy breeding. Here is a recent position paper, The Role of Health Conscious Breeding and Genetic Testing in Reducing the Impact of Hereditary Disease, from the World Small Animal Veterinary Association (WSAVA). The Hereditary Disease Committee of the WSAVA is an IPFD Collaborator.
  4. Animal Law Update mentions the HGTD's efforts to improve standardization of, and access to, robust genetic testing... along with IPFD's response to the Nature article, Pet genomics medicine runs wild.
  5. England: October 1st 2018: new Regulations replaced a number of existing licensing regimes involving activities related to dog ownership, management and dog breeding: selling animals as pets providing for or arranging for the provision of boarding for cats or dogs hiring out horses dog breeding keeping or training animals for exhibition For a look at the new regulations see... The Animal Welfare (Licensing of Activities Involving Animals) (England) Regulations 2018 Associated documents can be found here: https://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2018/486/resources. Among the associated documents are the "Explanatory Memorandum for THE ANIMAL WELFARE (LICENSING OF ACTIVITIES INVOLVING ANIMALS) (ENGLAND) REGULATIONS 2018: 2018 No. 486 " and the "Final Impact Assessment" which covers effects of these new regulations on the business and public sectors - both documents provide insights into issues and inconsistencies with previously existing regulations - which are addressed to one degree or another by the new Regulations. Statistics cited in the Final Impact Statement show how many licensed businesses are subject to the New Regulations. Dog Breeding comes in at 4,950. Under the new Regulations it is hoped that the Risk-based assessments for determining the length of time between business license renewals (1 up to 3 years) will result "in a shift towards more favourable practices by businesses in order to move into the lower and medium risk categories" - thereby reducing costs.
  6. The Harmonization of Genetic Testing for Dogs (HGTD) and several of our Leadership GTPs were mentioned in a recent article for The Atlantic, a news outlet that addresses US national debate on politics, business, foreign affairs, and cultural trends.
  7. - October 31, 2018 - News from the Société Centrale Canine - LOF Select ♦ Article - UPDATED: 12-5-2018 ♦ Congratulations and Thanks to IPFD Partners, SCC, the French Kennel Club, for recognizing the importance of HGTD in their steps to protect the quality of their pedigree and health database. Stay tuned for more information on their approach and plans... In the meantime see news just in from the French Kennel Club... And see updated information from the SCC's Health and Genetic Resources Project Manager, Fleur Marie Missant, on this change of the rules for registering data in the SCC database.
  8. The International science journal Nature has published our response to a recent article, Pet genomics medicine runs wild.
  9. "These guidelines are intended to assist companion animal veterinarians throughout the world in their understanding of contemporary animal welfare concepts and science, and provide guidance on addressing potential animal welfare problems, navigating some more common ethical issues, and promoting good animal welfare through effective communication , both within the veterinary clinic* and beyond."
  10. There is a steady stream of articles / work / initiatives coming in relative to those brachy breeds identified as highest risk for health and welfare issues. Coming from KCs - e.g. SKK... (See the background of and supportive documentation for this NKU project below...) the Mops Club, Netherlands... See the recent discussion of main features of the BALV (outcross, approval and stricter breeding rules) and communication with government and other KC's... and from the veterinary sector ... e.g. FECAVA... ‘Extreme breeding’ of companion animals: Raising public awareness is key In general, the work is based on scientific evidence. Of course, some of the initiatives (measurements etc) are 'new' and not yet fully proven in efficacy for what is proposed. Regardless of the basis, these proposal evoke extreme emotional and even personal responses (e.g. FB, confrontations and disagreements, etc.). Because... at heart these issues relate to a seemingly widespread human attraction to 'extremes'. We are happy to also present excellent articles on avoidance of extremes in other breeds - e.g. Dachshunds and Rottweilers. Clearly, we need not only an evidence-based approach to deal with these issues, but also innovative communication strategies to effect change in human behaviours and attitudes. Background information Brachycephalic projects by the Nordic Kennel Union's affiliated Kennel Clubs is available at: 2018 - SKK's work for brachycephalic health Of particular interest are project planning documents put together by the NKU's Working group and SKK. These documents outline health and welfare issues and offer proposed actions, definitions, parameters and procedures for evaluation of dogs. 1. STATEMENTS AND PROPOSALS REGARDING RESPIRATORY HEALTH IN BRACHYCEPHALIC DOGS Internal link: NKU STATEMENTS AND PROPOSALS REGARDING RESPIRATORY HEALTH IN BRACHYCEPHALIC DOGS.pdf ADDITIONAL INFO... 2. REVEALING THE PHENOTYPIC AND GENOTYPIC VARIATION IN FOUR BRACHYCEPHALIC BREEDS (SKK) excerpts... ♦ All these topics - extremes, breed and communication will be a focus in the 4th IDHW.... ♦
  11. News & Highlights Make a Donation to Support IPFD Helpful Hint Stay Informed!
  12. The 3rd International Dog Health Workshop held in Paris in April of 2017 included 140 participants from 23 countries and was structured around six important issues facing those who work to improve dog health. The themes covered in Paris included individualized breed-specific strategies for health and breeding, extreme conformations, education and communication in relation to antimicrobial resistance, behavior and welfare, genetic testing and population-based evidence. A number of exciting actions were agreed during the meeting. A working group was formed to create tools to help breed clubs accelerate the implementation of breed-health strategies. Here we will present work products created by the the Breeding Strategies working group. The content of the Breed-specific Breeding Strategies - 2017 IDHW follow-up - Version 5 - September 2018.pptx is based on inputs from: Brenda Bonnett Katy Evans Gregoire Leroy Helena Skarp Ian Seath PDF version: Breed-specific Breeding Strategies - 2017 IDHW follow-up - Version 5 - September 2018 - PDF Please note: The content presented in the attached PPTX/PDF presentation and excerpts found in the body of this article represent a work in progress.
  13. Here we offer information for Genetic Testing Providers (GTPs) that wish to participate in the Harmonization of Genetic Testing for Dogs (HGTD).
  14. Aimee Llewellyn-Zaidi

    Tackling Inherited Disease

    Thank you so much for your positive feedback Janean! We really want to help the whole dog community to access useful information, and it is really helpful to us to know when it's been a benefit!
  15. Janean Marti

    Tackling Inherited Disease

    Thank you so very, very much for including this lecture on your website. Such an important video for newer and older breeders alike. As a long time breeder of a rare, restricted genetic pool breed (curly coated retrievers), your website and your sharing of information is priceless. Janean Marti
  16. Effective approaches to managing dogs in society involves many stakeholders (dog breeders, dog owners, puppy buyers and governmental agencies as well as private businesses and cynological organizations). Education is a key component of managing breeds and individual dogs to optimize society's involvement with them. DWN is pleased to partner and collaborate with Kennel clubs and their affiliated breed clubs, veterinarians, researchers and canine experts who work tirelessly to provide insights and perspectives. We thank our collaborators for creating public education resources to support responsible dog ownership and to define sound, ethical breeding practices that improve human interactions and involvements with dogs. AVMA position statement Excerpt... " The issue of dangerous dogs, dog bites and public safety is a complex one. Any dog can bite, regardless of its breed. It is the dog's individual history, behavior, general size, number of dogs involved, and the vulnerability of the person bitten that determines the likelihood of biting and whether a dog will cause a serious bite injury. Breed-specific bans are a simplistic answer to a far more complex social problem, and they have the potential to divert attention and resources from more effective approaches. " Hearings in the UK on June 13, 2018 shed light on the effectiveness of breed-specific legislation. Witnesses: Dr Rachel Casey, Director of Canine Behaviour and Research, Dogs Trust, Robin Hargreaves, former President, British Veterinary Association, Bill Lambert, Health and Breeder Services Manager, Kennel Club, and David Ryan, former Chair, Association of Pet Behaviour Counsellors. Witnesses: Trevor Cooper, Doglaw Consultant for Battersea Dogs and Cats Home, Dr Samantha Gaines, Head of Companion Animals Department, RSPCA, and Steve Goody, Deputy Chief Executive, Blue Cross
  17. Tom Lewis from The Kennel Club discusses 4 forces that impact dog populations/pedigreed dog breeds: mutation, selection, loss of genetic diversity and out crossing.
  18. Ann Milligan

    Love is Blind - Dr Philip Moses

    Australian Veterinary Association - Specialist surgeon, Adjunct Professor Philip Moses, provides some words of advice for the veterinary profession about how to best tackle the welfare problems of dogs with exaggerated features. See more content at AVA's Love is Blind campaign.
  19. Ann Milligan

    HGTD - Introduction to Search by Lab

    Search for a Genetic Test provider / Lab by country. Find out general information on the lab (website, address, phone), contact information, quality assurance indicators and genetic tests offered. Go to the HGTD Search by Lab / Test Provider.
  20. The search function offered here allows you to enter terms used to describe heritable diseases for which DNA tests are currently available. Breed-specific DNA tests and/or DNA tests applicable to all breeds are available in the HGTD database. Go to the HGTD Search by Test / Disease.
  21. HGTD - A quick look at the Search by Breed functionality. Go to the Harmonization of Genetic testing Search by Breed
  22. The Society for the Promotion of Applied Research in Canine Science (SPARCS) is a non-profit organization now maintained by The National Canine Research Council, created to bridge the gap between canine science and dog lovers by providing an international platform where modern animal behavior science can be presented, discussed, and debated by the greatest minds in canine science. SPARCS hosts an international conference where speakers give in-depth presentations pertaining to questions about dog behavior, welfare, and key issues the world faces in the human-canine bond. SPARCS Video Library - See all presentations Conference Presentations 2018
  23. "More information: https://www.vet.cam.ac.uk/boas/about-... The French bulldog, bulldog, pug, pekingese, shih tzu, Japanese chin, boxer and Boston terrier are all examples of brachycephalic breeds. The most distinctive feature of these breeds is their short muzzle. Brachycephalic dogs have been bred for centuries to possess a normal-sized lower jaw, and a disproportionately shorter upper jaw. In recent decades, breeding selection for extreme brachycephalic features has resulted in dogs that are predisposed to upper airway tract obstruction and subsequent respiratory distress, among several other health issues. Although not all brachycephalic dogs suffer clinical signs, the incidence and severity of the respiratory disorders has increased. The respiratory disease related to brachycephalic confirmation is called brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS)." Also see: U of Cambridge's BOAS NEWS page for a timeline. Extremes of Conformation: DWN Resources
  24. BPH - English PDF - Behavior and Personality Assessment in Dogs, BPH BPH is a behavioral assessment that has been created with the aim to contribute to better knowledge about the mentality and personality of dogs, all dogs. It should be helpful for breed clubs, breeders and dog owners to have a tool which helps to describe the personality of the dog, whether it is a potential breeding animal, pet or working dog.
  25. "In this Canine Health Foundation webinar Dr. Danika Bannasch, DVM, PhD University of California, Davis, School of Veterinary Medicine, discusses the major advances that have been made in our understanding of the molecular basis for inherited diseases in dogs. These advances, in the form of DNA based tests for breeding animals have changed that way breeders make breeding decisions. During the webinar Dr. Bannasch will discuss the basics of dog genetics, the different modes of inheritance or how genetic traits and diseases are transmitted from one generation to the next and the exceptions to the basic modes of inheritance."
  26. "Elaine Ostrander provides an overview of canine genetics, and explains how scientists are using genetics to decipher the molecular basis of different traits such as height and cancer risk. Talk Overview: Although all domestic dogs belong to the same species, different breeds display unique morphological traits and different disease susceptibility. Dr. Elaine Ostrander provides an overview of canine genetics, and explains how scientists are using genetics to decipher the molecular basis of different traits such as height and cancer risk. In her second lecture, Ostrander explains that canine genetics can be used to understand disease susceptibility and cancer risk. By analyzing the pedigree of dogs, her laboratory identified a series of genes involved in the elevated cancer risk of particular dog breeds. Specifically, her laboratory studied invasive transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder, a disease for which breeds like Scottish Terriers have a high susceptibility. In human cases of this disease, the cause is unknown in 50% of patients. Ostrander’s laboratory identified genetic mutations that explain the elevated cancer risk in these dogs. This information may improve diagnosis and targeted therapy in dogs and humans..." See related article for research: Genomic Analyses Reveal the Influence of Geographic Origin, Migration, and Hybridization on Modern Dog Breed Development.
  27. Breeding healthy dogs Professor Brenda Bonnett talks about the use of breed specific insurance statistics for breeders, breed clubs, veterinarians and other stake holders. Avl av friske hunder Professor Brenda Bonnett's foredrag om bruken av rasespesifikk forsikringsstatistikk i avlsarbeidet. Foredraget henvender seg til oppdrettere, raseklubber, veterinærer og andre interessenter. Also see: Breeds with summaries of Swedish KC, Finnish KC or Norwegian KC Breeding Strategies (RAS|JTO) Swedish insurance data
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