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  6. Is "tough talk" or "open dialogue" - and why is it a challenge in the dog world? As often happens, the same topic comes up several times in a short space of time - and from different sources and angles. Someone asked me why do many kennel clubs not record or link any health information to pedigrees, when in most countries kennel clubs are under a mandate to not only register dogs, but also to protect the health of those for whom they are responsible? Explanations might include that pedigree people truly care for their dogs and breeds, and may have come to simply assume that be
  7. The panel of expert veterinarians and breeders at the Embark Canine Health Summit (15-16 Feb. 2021) discussed the importance of genetic diversity and population management in K9 Health and how to apply these practices to breeding programs.
  8. Dr. Brian Hare is a core member of the Center of Cognitive Neuroscience, a Professor in Evolutionary Anthropology, and Psychology and Neuroscience at Duke University. His Keynote Address, Is Your Dog a Genius?, was delivered at the Embark Canine Health Summit on 15 February 2021.
  9. The epidemiology of stifle joint disease in an insured Swedish dog population https://bvajournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1002/vetr.197 Engdahl, K, Hanson, J, Bergström, A, Bonnett, B, Höglund, O, Emanuelson, U. Epidemiology of stifle joint disease in an insured Swedish dog population. Vet Rec. 2021;e197. https://doi.org/10.1002/vetr.197 Abstract Background: Stifle joint diseases (SJD) are common in dogs and include a variety of diagnoses. The objective of the study was to provide an overview of the epidemiology of SJD in insured dogs. Methods: An historical
  10. "As one of the first countries to notice the clinical significance of hip dysplasia (HD) as a developmental disorder resulting in arthritis, active research, and actions to reduce its prevalence have now been performed in Sweden for more than 60 years." Swedish Experiences From 60 Years of Screening and Breeding Programs for Hip Dysplasia—Research, Success, and Challenges Hedhammar A (2020) Swedish Experiences From 60 Years of Screening and Breeding Programs for Hip Dysplasia—Research, Success, and Challenges. Front. Vet. Sci. 7:228. doi: 10.3389/fvets.2020.00228 The results
  11. What are the Consequences of Inbreeding Dogs? Dr. Aaron J. Sams, Embark Senior Scientist The following lecture was given in February 2021 at Embark's Inaugural Canine Health Summit. More information on the Summit is available on DogWellNet. See: IPFD and the Canine Health Summit Feb 2021 by Embark Veterinary
  12. Epidemiology and clinical management of elbow joint disease in dogs under primary veterinary care in the UK excepts from the study... This study was conducted in the UK; it "shows that elbow joint disease is a relatively common diagnosis in dogs and has a high welfare impact. There are strong breed predispositions, in particular for large breed dogs." "The current study substantiated some previously reported breed-related variation in prevalence of elbow disease. The breeds with the highest prevalence were mainly large breeds and included Labrador Retriever, Rottweiler, Golden
  13. Researchers discover new features of a gene defect that affects the length of the muzzle and caudal vertebrae in dogs Date: February 23, 2021 Source: University of Helsinki Summary: A recent genetic study provides new information on the occurrence of a DVL2 gene defect associated with a screw tail and its relevance to canine constitution and health. The variant was found in several Bulldog and Pit Bull type breeds, and it was shown to result in caudal vertebral anomalies and shortening of the muzzle. The DLV2 variant may also affect the development of the h
  14. In This Issue: News & Highlights Collaboration Creates a "Golden" Opportunity for a Beloved Retriever Breed Make a Donation Stay Informed!
  15. Line breeding in our chosen breed, the Black Russian Terrier used to be much more common than it is currently. It was done to set type before anyone really realized the damage done to health, in particular as related to autoimmune diseases and manifestations such as allergies. Fortunately, much education has taken place in our breed that discourages line breeding and things are getting better, but there is still a long way to go in education of both the general public and much of the old guard in our breed, particularly overseas. The awareness of genetic damage done through careless breedin
  16. This article talks about two common terms used in dog breeding, and as part of strategies for impacting genetic diversity. Though sometimes used interchangeably, and used to mean multiple different practices, understanding the differences in the terms and the potential application in breeding programs is one tool dog breeders can use to change and improve genetic diversity.
  17. The Big Picture - in the Dog World as a Whole and for your next Breeding Decision Note: This topic was prompted partly by IPFD's participation in the Canine Health Summit (videos available) put on by Embark Veterinary. See our Q&A article on breeding and genetics topics here. My last blog in 2020 was on the Big Picture in the dog world - it was about Reframing Discussions, globally. Based on our document...the blog describes a webinar and links to presentations discussing all the stakeholders in dog health and welfare and their individual and collective responsibilities.
  18. Linebreeding vs. Inbreeding – Let’s be perfectly clear. Note: This topic was prompted partly by IPFD's participation in the Canine Health Summit put on by Embark Veterinary. See our Q&A article on breeding and genetics topics here. Inbreeding is the mating of related individuals – that is those who have one or more relatives in common. Linebreeding is not simply a form of inbreeding – it IS inbreeding. How close that inbreeding is depends on the selection of individuals within that line. Linebreeding/inbreeding - by definition - reduces genetic diversity. B
  19. This Golden Retriever article has been compiled as part of the IPFD's series to highlight the Big Picture of health, welfare and breeding and to help develop Globally Relevant Integrated Health Profiles (GRIHPs) for many breeds. The creation of this content has been supported by the Morris Animal Foundation. ♦ Read about the Morris Animal Foundation's Golden Retriever Lifetime Study – the largest prospective, longitudinal study in veterinary medicine in the United States.♦ See IPFD's Get a GRIHP! on Breed Health Initiative. There are many others doing
  20. Recently we received a question from a Harmonization of Genetic Testing (HGTD) user, who had wanted to use an "Ancestry" genetic test to determine a puppy's likely sire. It is not uncommon, when trying to determine the right test for your purposes, to mistake "Ancestry" tests for parentage, or genetic identification tests. The information below talks about what ancestry, or breed mix genetic tests are, how they can be used, and some of the limitations. What is an Ancestry/Breed Mix Genetic Test for dogs? Ancestry/breed mix tests are a way to estimate what breeds compose your mixed-bree
  21. In This Issue: News & Highlights IPFD Annual Report 2020: A Year Like No Other Make a Donation Stay Informed!
  22. See Brenda's Blog: Responsible Breeding and Sourcing of Dogs - Bonnett Swedish Vet Congress Oct 2020
  23. 2016 See Dr. Brenda Bonnett's presentation from the First International Conference on Human Behaviour Change for Animal Welfare. HBCAW website: www.hbcanimalwelfare.com All presentations from the conference are available from HBCAW's YouTube channel. Also see DWN's: Human Dog Interactions Category. How Beliefs and Attitudes about Dog Health and Welfare Limit Behaviour Change PDF: Don’t Know or Don’t Care_Bonnett_Sandoe_2016 HumanBehaviourChangeConference
  24. 2013 2013 Discussion Forum Speaker: Chris Laurence, AWF Trustee The 'AWF Impact Session – what happened next?' We look back at some of the most talked about animal welfare issues from recent Discussion Forums (2006-12) and explore how these issues were taken forward. This video offers a historical perspective of animal welfare issues in the UK. A complete group of AWF/BVA videos in the Discussion Forum is at: • https://www.youtube.com/user/BVAAWF/videos The videos cover many species; dog's/companion animal's welfare concerns are included in some of the talks. Also see AWF's
  25. 2016 Breeding healthy dogs Professor Brenda Bonnett talks about the use of breed specific insurance statistics for breeders, breed clubs, veterinarians and other stake holders. Avl av friske hunder Professor Brenda Bonnett's foredrag om bruken av rasespesifikk forsikringsstatistikk i avlsarbeidet. Foredraget henvender seg til oppdrettere, raseklubber, veterinærer og andre interessenter. Also see: Breeds with summaries of Swedish KC, Finnish KC or Norwegian KC Breeding Strategies (RAS|JTO) Swedish insurance data 2006-20
  26. 2015 View IPFD Board member (emeritus) Patricia Olson's presentation at The Role of Clinical Studies for Pets with Naturally Occurring Tumors in Translational Cancer Research: A Workshop (June, 2015) Summaries from the workshop are available. https://www.nap.edu/read/21830/chapter/2 Best-practices for conduct of clinical trial for animal patients "Patricia Olson, an independent consultant and former president and chief executive officer of the Morris Animal Foundation and advisor to the American Humane Association, discussed the importance of strategic, coll
  27. Related content: Brenda's Blog: Genetic Diversity: The Big Picture and Challenging Issues https://dogwellnet.com/blogs/entry/146-genetic-diversity-the-big-picture-and-challenging-issues/ Speakers Dr. Kari Ekenstedt, a geneticist from Purdue University in Indiana and IPFD CEO Dr. Brenda Bonnett covered 'everything you need to know to understand genetic testing' in a clear, concise and entertaining series of talks. Interactive discussions with the many knowledgeable, committed attendees were interesting and thought-provoking. While you must al
  28. "Elaine Ostrander provides an overview of canine genetics, and explains how scientists are using genetics to decipher the molecular basis of different traits such as height and cancer risk. Talk Overview: Although all domestic dogs belong to the same species, different breeds display unique morphological traits and different disease susceptibility. Dr. Elaine Ostrander provides an overview of canine genetics, and explains how scientists are using genetics to decipher the molecular basis of different traits such as height and cancer risk. In her second lecture, Ostrander explains that canine ge
  29. Peter Muir, Professor at the UW School of Veterinary Medicine, explains the genome-wide association study (GWAS) which analyzes canine disease. Muir explores the parallels of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture in dogs and humans. (2016)
  30. The increasing availability of genetic screening tests, DNA tests, and now multiplex test panels also requires an understanding of what the tests tell you. Jerold Bell, DVM discusses the practical applications for using the results of these tests to improve the health of dogs, the dangers for the inappropriate use of genetic tests to dog health, and the roles of the breeder, dog owner and veterinarian in utilizing genetic tests. Also see: Essentials of Health Screening and DNA Testing in Dogs - Anita Oberbauer
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