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Theme attended at 3rd IDHW in Paris

  1. Version 1.0.0


    excerpts from the Preface and Executive Summary ------- "The Inquiry into dog breeding was headed by Professor Sir Patrick Bateson FRS. It was funded by Dogs Trust and the Kennel Club but was conducted independently of both organisations. The Inquiry received the advice of dog breeders as well as experts in genetics, animal welfare, and veterinary surgery and the report was anonymously peer reviewed by five experts in the three scientific fields. Throughout the Inquiry Professor Bateson was greatly assisted by Mrs Heather Peck." ------ "The structure of the report is as follows. After an introduction to the dog and its domestication, the second chapter discusses scientific advances in the assessment of animal welfare. The third chapter deals in general terms with the genetics of inbreeding. The fourth chapter summarises the response to my call for evidence and the fifth summarises what was learned from the interviews conducted over the summer. The sixth chapter deals with the central problem of poor welfare that has arisen in the course of breeding dogs and the seventh chapter discusses ways forward in order to improve matters. The eighth chapter gives my recommendations." ALSO SEE: Advisory Council Final Report -- Welfare Issues of Dog Breeding - 2014
  2. Version 1.0.0


    This report covers work done by the THE ADVISORY COUNCIL ON THE WELFARE ISSUES OF DOG BREEDING (2010 - 2014). Work continues on the development of a shared strategy with all stakeholders of good will to dog welfare. The top priority is to ensure that the specific projects and reports of the Council are taken forward by the relevant bodies and that collaborative work continues.
  3. HABRI - The Human Animal Bond Research Initiative has published new research detailing the beneficial effects of pet ownership - for their owners and for the health care industry. Here is their press release: PET OWNERSHIP SAVES $11.7 BILLION IN HEALTH CARE COSTS HUMAN ANIMAL BOND RESEARCH INITIATIVE RELEASES NEW ECONOMIC STUDY "The Human Animal Bond Research Initiative (HABRI) Foundation is a non-profit research and education organization that is gathering, funding and sharing the scientific research to demonstrate the positive health impacts of companion animals on people. Founded by the American Pet Products Association, Zoetis, and Petco, and supported by a growing number of organizations and individuals, the HABRI Foundation is fast becoming the go-to spot for research and information on the human-animal bond." We will soon post another article looking more critically at the research. As dog lovers we are likely predisposed to accept the findings. But as we know, health and health care are complex. If, for example, this finding prompts physicians to start prescribing 'pets' - well that might bring up a lot of other issues. In the meantime, we have to do all we can to ensure that these 'healthier owners' have healthier dogs!
  4. While searching out information relative to The Brachycephalic Issue I came across this conference: The First International Conference on Human Behaviour Change for Animal Welfare As they state on the conference info page: "The root cause of much animal suffering is human behaviour. However, traditional approaches to improving animal welfare have focussed on providing a service, such as accessible veterinary treatment, or campaigning for people to change their consumer habits. The understanding of why people do what they do, don’t do what you’d like them to, and more often than not do not change their behaviour, is the holy grail of anyone with something to sell, a campaign to promote or a desire to improve the world. For this reason human behaviour change has been studied by experts in marketing, psychology, development, and health and education programmes – understanding human behaviour is important for anyone with an interest in helping the world to be a better place for humans or animals." My bolding in the preceeding highlights the nature of common questions underlying many dog health and welfare issues - i.e. the animal problems/ issues stem from human attitudes, psychology, societal and cultural differences, etc. It is exciting to see this initiative and we will keep an eye on their developments.
  5. Dangerous Dogs (France) Since the 1st of June 1999, any dangerous dog or animal behaving dangerously towards people or other's pets may be reported to the local mayor who will instruct the owner of the dangerous animal to take steps to prevent any danger. The French Rural Code, art. 211-1, completed by Law 99-5 of 06/01/1999 concerning dangerous and stray animals and animals welfare and Law 2008-582 of 20/06/2008 reinforcing the measures for the prevention and protection of persons from dangerous dogs defines 2 categories of potentially dangerous dogs (see PDF online or from our Downloads)
  6. Dr. Anne Posthoff, the president of the German International Club for French Bulldogs, explains why the rules for breeding French Bulldogs in Germany are amongst the strictest in the world.
  7. The English Bulldog Association of Finland (SEBY) and the Finnish Kennel Club have launched an extensive health-promotion project for the Bulldog. Among other things, the aim is to develop an examination that scrutinises an individual's fitness for breeding – and it would be the first examination of this kind in Finland. The chairman of the English Bulldog Association of Finland, Pasi Apajalahti, says breed enthusiasts are aware of the need to improve the health situation of the English Bulldog. Particular attention should be focused on its breathing, build and ability to breed naturally. The Finnish Kennel Club guidelines state that a dog, which is used for breeding, must be able to move and breathe easily. The breathing of a breeding dog must not be clearly audible or laboured. In addition to these guidelines, SEBY and the Finnish Kennel Club have launched a more extensive health-promotion project for the breed. A fitness examination for the breed is being designed in cooperation with the University of Helsinki’s Faculty of Veterinary Medicine's Equine and Small Animal Medicine Department. It will serve to gather information and examine a dog's build and bone structure (e.g. elbow and hip joints, knees) as well as its respiratory tract. The examination would also measure the dog's overall fitness and review the availability of healthy individuals for breeding. Same kind of a health examination was adopted in the Netherlands last June. The intention is that only dogs, which pass the examination, will be used to produce registered pups. Health data will also be collected via a health survey and a puppy survey to which the association's member breeders shall commit to. “The health situation of Bulldogs in Finland will be surveyed comprehensively,” say Pasi Apajalahti and Finnish Kennel Club’s breeding expert Katariina Mäki. Respiratory tract examinations since 2011 In cooperation with several veterinary clinics, SEBY commenced a respiratory tract study in 2011. The study is being coordinated by the Lahden eläinlääkäriasema clinic and it is headed by veterinarian Seppo Lamberg. About 30 Bulldogs have participated in the study so far. The study has revealed various upper respiratory tract problems. The respiratory tract examination is being developed further so that it can be incorporated into the future Bulldog fitness examination and perhaps become an official health examination that affects puppy registration. Exaggerated features are not favoured in the breed standard The Bulldog is one of the world's best-known breeds. Its roots lie in ancient fighting dogs. The breed was developed into a companion dog after animal fights were outlawed in England. The first Bulldog breed standard was approved in 1876. During the previous century, some of the Bulldog's external characteristics, such as heavily folding skin, a low and wide build as well as a short neck began to be overemphasised. This caused several health problems for the breed. Heavy build, short extremities and an excessive emphasis on the line of the back exposes the dog to bone and joint problems, while excessive folding around the head makes it susceptible to skin inflammations. The Bulldog is also a short-skulled and -nosed breed. An unduly short skull and nose expose dogs to serious breathing problems. The Bulldog breed standard was revised in the breed's native country in 2009. The World Canine Organisation FCI revised its breed standard in 2011. The updated breed standard has the aim of avoiding overemphasised characteristics in breeding and promoting a maximally healthy Bulldog population without losing the features that are typical for the breed. In Finland and the other Nordic countries, dog show judges have been instructed to pay attention to exaggerated features when assessing dogs. It is increasingly common for more moderate dog types to gain success in the ring. Further information The Finnish Kennel Club: Kirsi Sainio, chair of the FKC scientific committee, Katariina Mäki, breeding expert, The English Bulldog Association of Finland; Pasi Apajalahti, chairman, Harri Reimari, chairman of the breeding committee,
  8. The Finnish Kennel Club has written instructions for breed crossing. The instructions are of help for breeders and breed clubs in planning, applying and monitoring breed crosses and crossbred individuals. This information is presented in The Finnish Kennel Club: Crosses between Breeds on in the Breeding for Health section: sub.section Crossbreeding.
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