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NOTE: LANDSEER ECT is not the same breed of dog as the black and white 'Landseer' Newfoundland Newfoundland - Landseer History Newfoundland, Landseer or both? Actually, there are 3 versions: The American Newfoundland Landseer, the European Newfoundland Landseer and the European Landseer ECT. The USA (AKC) recognizes both European and American Newfoundland Landseers but does not recognize the 3rd version, the Landseer ECT, as a version of the Newfoundland or even as a breed. The Newfoundland Club of America addresses the question: "What is an ECT? ECT stands for "European Continental Type". ECT's or Landseer ECT's as they are sometimes called, resemble Landseers, but are different in type and temperament. An ECT is a little taller, a little less broad, and to the person familiar with Newfs, just looks "different" than a Newf. ECT's tend to have a more "active" personality, and require an owner ready to live with a large dog which is more assertive than a typical Newf." "As of 1998, Every country except the U.S. and Canada recognize the ECT as a separate breed from the Newfoundland."
Bernese Mountain Dogs were originally found in the valleys of the Bernese Oberland of Switzerland and were used as general multi purpose farm dogs. They were draught dogs pulling cart loaded with produce to market, items such as basket ware, cheese, or milk to the local dairy. The carts were also decorated for village festivals and celebrations which still puts the dogs as centre of attention today. They were also employed in helping to herd sheep and cattle to and from the mountain pastures. All Bernese carry the traditional Swiss colouring of black and tan with white markings.