Reminder: Login to access new features and members-only content!

Register to be a member of our community. Its easy!

Register a new account

Already a member?

Log In here!


Did you find our content interesting or helpful? Help support the IPFD enhance health, well-being and welfare for dogs everywhere.

Jump to content

    These terms are often confused or used inappropriately. Here we provide some information and links to help clarify the situation.

    See related content from the 4th IDHW

    4th IDHW Theme #1: The Concept of ‘Breed’

    The Concept of Breed Theme Presentations

    New Expanded Content - February 2021

    Crossbreeding and Outcrossing: Two terms, many concepts.

    Linebreeding vs. Inbreeding – Let’s be perfectly clear.



    Purebred: According to the American Kennel Club, for a dog to be purebred means "the sire and dam of a dog are members of a recognized breed and the ancestry of a dog consists of the same breed over many generations." Wikipedia typically defines a purebred dog as “a dog of a modern dog breed with a documented pedigree in a stud book and may be registered with a breed club that may also be part of a national kennel club.” Often used interchangeably with “pedigreed”.


    Pedigree: A pedigree dog is a purebred dog that is eligible for registration with a recognized kennel club or society that maintains a register for dogs of that description. A pedigree itself is a record of a dog’s family tree – its sire, dam, grand-sires, grand-dams, etc.


    Crossbreed: Also called designer dogs, mixed-breed, and random-bred dogs, crossbreed dogs are the result of breeding different purebreds or other mixed-breed dogs together.


    Designer: Designer dogs are, essentially, simply crossbreeds – though “designer” generally has a more negative connotation than “crossbreed”. According to Wikipedia, the key identifier of a designer dog is that the “breed” is a word made up of syllables from the breed names of the two purebred parents, such as Schnoodle (Schnauzer and poodle cross).


    Breed: According to Wikipedia, breeds are groups of closely related and visibly similar domestic dogs, which are all of the subspecies Canis lupus familiaris, having characteristic traits that are selected and maintained by humans, bred out of a known foundation stock.


    Purpose-bred dogs

    Two very different definitions exist:

    1. Pedigreed dogs that are bred on purpose.
    2. Dogs of any kind bred with a specific purpose in mind, be it guide/assistance dogs (, working sheepdogs, or even dogs destined for use in research.




  Report Entry

User Feedback

Recommended Comments

There are no comments to display.

Join the conversation

You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.
Note: Your post will require moderator approval before it will be visible.

Add a comment...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.

  • Create New...

Important Information

By using this site, you agree to our Terms of Use.