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  1. People are starting to arrive in Paris for the 3rd IDHW !Workshop 2017.png

     

    Paris in the spring is living up to its reputation with sunshine and flowering trees.  Too bad we will keep our delegate inside working hard for the dogs for 2 days!

     

    We are expecting about 135 delegates from 24 countries.  We have vets and breeders, researchers and judges, experts in welfare and behaviour, genetic advisors, various non-profits, industry representatives, dog owners... and more... so a wide array of stakeholders.  


    As is common in the dog world, many people wear more than one hat.
    We have representatives from 18 National kennel clubs and the FCI; including the current or former Presidents of at least 4 KCs.

     

    Tour eiffel.jpgThere are scientists from at least 13 Universities and research institutes, from at least 6 different countries.  There are over 15 companies from the pet industry attending, including many genetic testing labs.
    There are numerous veterinary organizations and welfare organizations represented.
    As well as, breed clubs, breeders and dog owners.


    This is a real working meeting... we hope to engage all present in discussions with the result being definite action plans to be underway immediately following the workshop; leading to results ready to present at the 4th International Dog Health Workshop to be held in the UK in 2019, hosted by The KC.


    Exciting times!  
     

    Stay tuned for more information.  Check us out on Facebook and our new Twitter feed @IPFDogs and #IDHWParis ...

     

     

  2. For those of us working the animal care field, do we know how most people want their pets to die? This was the topic of conversation when speaking with Dr. Kathleen Cooney, DVM, MS, CHPV earlier this month. 

     

    Dr. Cooney is an expert in end-of-life care and founder of Home to Heaven, P.C. in Loveland, Colorado, one of the world’s first, and largest, animal hospice services. In addition, she is founder of Cooney Animal Hospice Consulting and past President of the International Association for Animal Hospice and Palliative Care (IAAHPC).

     

    At the end of the year, the American Animal Hospital Association and IAAHPC published the End-of-Life Care Guidelines on the collaborative efforts needed to provide animals a comfortable death. These guidelines were created by Dr. Cooney and colleagues to educate practitioners, veterinary technicians, and animal caretakers on end-of-life (EOL) care. This grassroots movement in veterinary medicine is especially important because how a veterinary clinic responds to a pet’s death can be a key factor in retention of that client, according to Dr. Cooney.

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    EOL care strives to maximize patient comfort and minimize suffering. Animal hospice can help with this process by addressing the physical, social, and emotional needs of animals and their caregivers alike. As Dr. Cooney describes, through education in this field we can ensure “the walk towards death is enriching, peaceful, and comfortable.”

     

    Another main focus of the guidelines is developing a treatment plan for hospice care, which includes these four steps. For more detail, see the link to the guidelines above. 

    1. Clarifying the client understands the pet’s disease.
    2. Communicating with the client on their needs, beliefs, and goals for treatment.
    3. Developing the unique EOL treatment plan.
    4. Initiating palliative or hospice care. 

    In addition to these four steps, pet loss support provided before, during, and after death is essential. 

     

    AAHA accredits small animal hospitals in the U.S. that hold themselves to specific standards. In creating these guidelines with AAHA, it is the hope that more veterinary clinics will implement hospice and palliative care practices. As Dr. Cooney describes, some clinics are already providing “more care, emotional and physical, from terminal diagnosis to death” but reaching a broader audience with these guidelines is important. 

     

    This comprehensive approach to death is different than what is currently taught in veterinary school as this new model focuses on the human animal bond, rather than just palliation. The AAHA/IAAHPC guidelines build on the American Veterinary Medical Association’s policy on hospice care.

     

    The guidelines also mention that “as the value of animal hospice care and its availability increase, so will the feasibility of ethically managed, high quality, hospice-supported natural death, and the decision to euthanize will become more nuanced.” I asked Dr. Cooney about how we can address this and she described that when we realize an animal has a life limiting illness, euthanasia is no longer our only modality to help patients and clients—but rather we should use all the modalities at our disposal. This may include symptomatic relief (such as pain control), communication with clients about changes the pet may be experiencing, and how we can medically and emotionally address these changes. She shared that 95% of her clients want their pets to die naturally but at some point are okay with euthanasia. We, as animal caretakers and veterinarians, need resources like these guidelines, to formulate questions and help clients through the grief process. 

     

    Dr. Cooney also shared educational opportunities related to EOL care. On April 3rd, 2017, a 6-hour certificate course will open for those in the veterinary and pet care field that want to expand their knowledge on pet hospice. This course will be offered through Vetfolio, an online course company that is partnering with AAHA and The North American Veterinary Community (NAVC) to create this course. 

     

    For veterinarians and technicians seeking more specialized training, IAAHPC has a 115-hour certification program on hospice and palliative care. This program includes four modules, three online and one that is competed at the national conference, with special sessions for those completing the certification. 

     

    Thanks to Dr. Cooney for the insight into the growing field of hospice and palliative care for our beloved pets. 
     

  3. The Finnish Kennel Club (FKC) has finished the protocol and the instructions for fitness (walk) testing of breeding dogs in brachycephalic breeds. The test is similar to the one used by the Dutch Kennel Club.

     

    Finnish test instructions have been developed by veterinarians doing research on BOAS. Their results concerning the Bulldog have already been published. The researchers are still continuing their research and testing Pugs and French Bulldogs, whose results will be published later.

     

    According to the Finnish guidelines, a dog gets an approved walk test result if he/she walks 1000 meters in 12 minutes or less, and recovers sufficiently from the walk within the recovery time. In the future, it is also possible to have different time limits for different breeds. The test result is failed if

    • The dog is, based on the veterinarian’s initial examination, showing signs of serious respiratory symptoms (including also severe hyperthermia).
    • The supervising veterinarian interrupts the test due to the dog’s serious respiratory symptoms.
    • The dog is not able to successfully complete the test and/or recover from it sufficiently within the required time.

    The FKC arranged the first pilot test in February, and the second pilot will be arranged in May. Also orientation for veterinarians will be held at that second pilot. After that, breed clubs are able to arrange the tests by their own.  The tests have to be carried out in accordance with the FKC's Guideline for walk tests, in order to get the test result recorded in the FKC breeding database.

     

    The FKC is following the development and use of different tests in other countries. It is also having close collaboration with the other Nordic Kennel Clubs on this subject. The aim is, in the long run, and with the help of accumulated experience, to develop the test further, to be as appropriate as possible.  

     

    All the information on the Finnish walk test can be found here.

  4. Published a few months ago, a study of Marsden et al. (2016) used whole sequence data of 90 canids to investigate the importance of population bottleneck, inbreeding and artificial selection of the health of the dog.

     

    In order to investigate this issue, the authors compared sequences from breed dogs, village dogs, and gray wolves, measuring (i) the proportion of amino acid changing variants, as an indicator of genetic load, and (ii) the number of Mendelian disease genes, considering genes already identified in dogs and human. Several interesting results were found.

     

    Based on their measurement of amino acid changing variants (corresponding in general to mutations with deleterious effects), it has been estimated that dogs carry between 2 and 3% more deleterious alleles than wolves, which is comparable to the genetic load in the non-African human population (around 1-3%). This seems surprising, as dog breeds may appear to have undergone more severe bottlenecks during their demographic history than human populations. Also, the authors found that bottlenecks during domestication and breed creation were more responsible of the current genetic load in dogs than recent inbreeding.

     

    On the other hand, it appears that genomic regions under selection (also called selective sweeps), were enriched in disease-related genes. This enrichment could be either explained by the fact that genes controlling artificially selected traits in dogs could also confer Mendelian diseases, or to a linkage between genomic regions where disease genes and genes under selection are.

     

    On the basis on these different results, the authors concluded that artificial selection incidentally reduced dog fitness. Also, given the fact that repeated population bottlenecks and small effective population size seemed to have more impact on accumulation of weakly deleterious variation than recent inbreeding (i.e., mating between close relatives), the focus should be more on maintaining large population size, than avoiding inbreeding.   

     

     

    Given the number of studies that showing the impact of recent inbreeding of fitness and selected traits in dog (Ólafsdóttir and Kristjánsson, 2008; Urfer, 2009, Leroy et al. 2014) or other domestic species (Leroy 2014), I would nevertheless disagree with this last recommendation. It would be therefore be interesting to investigate why the results of this genomic study differ from more phenotype-oriented ones. There are several potential explanations, one being that the traits investigated in those latter studies are under different genetic mechanisms that the one studied here. In any case, we may expect that further studies will confirm, refute or further clarify these first interesting results.

     

    References

    Leroy, G. 2014. Inbreeding depression in livestock species: review and meta-analysis. Animal Genetics 189, 177-182.

    Leroy G., Phocas F., Hedan B., Verrier E., Rognon X. 2015. Inbreeding impact on litter size and survival in selected canine breeds. The Veterinary Journal.

    Marsden, C. D., Ortega-Del Vecchyo, D., O’Brien, D. P., Taylor, J. F., Ramirez, O., Vilà, C., ... & Lohmueller, K. E. 2016. Bottlenecks and selective sweeps during domestication have increased deleterious genetic variation in dogs.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(1), 152-157.

    Ólafsdóttir, G.Á., Kristjánsson, T., 2008. Correlated pedigree and molecular estimates of inbreeding and their ability to detect inbreeding depression in the Icelandic sheepdog, a recently bottlenecked population of domestic dogs. Conservation Genetics 9, 1639-1641.

    Urfer, S.R., 2009. Inbreeding and fertility in Irish Wolfhounds in Sweden: 1976 to 2007. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 51, 21.

  5. IPFD People Out and About

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    patricianolson
    Latest Entry

    By patricianolson,

    IPFD Board Member Dr. Patricia Olson was the keynote speaker at the Inaugural One Health Program at Midwestern University on October 8, 2015 (Downer’s Grove, Illinois). 

    Midwestern University also has one of the newest veterinary schools in the U.S. (Phoenix, Arizona).  Physicians were paired with veterinarians to deliver lectures on obesity, pneumonia, osteochondritis dissecans and epilepsy.  Dr. Olson’s lecture was on collaborative research, using the clues from animals to help advance both human and animal health/welfare. 

    See the pdf of her thought-provoking talk here: 

     

     

     


     

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    Once a year, in October, the SKK Breeding Committee organizes a weekend course for

    breeding officials based on the book Dog breeding in theory and practice by Sofia Malm (SKK genetic expert) and Åsa Lindholm.

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    The Genetic Expert and The Breeding Consultant of the SKK Department for Breeding and Health are in charge of the course.

     

     

     

    The aim is to give breed clubs education and tools they need to work with breeding plans and breed-specific strategies.

     

     

     

    The contents of the course include basic genetics and guidance in how to conduct work at club level.

     

     

     

    There’s also a certain amount of self-directed studies.

     

     

     

     

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    Every other year, in April, this education is held specifically directed to hunting dog breed clubs.

     

     

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    On the podium:

    1st : Meisterhaus Signet Higher'N Higer ; Breed: Basenji ; Owner: Lise DURLOT and Dimitri HEBERT ; Breeder: Brenda CASSELL and Tad BOOKS

    2nd : Fall In Love Forest Ohara Of Bloom White ; Breed : Samoyede ; Owner: Mira MITKOVA ; Breeder: Elisabeth FAUCON

    3rd : Eternal Drago Of Nordic Forest ; Breed : Siberian Husky ; Owner and breeder: Valérie CHARNEAU

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    gallery_2_6_3978.thumb.png.c634dcbb47849In June of 2014, the OFA Board of Directors voted unanimously to become a founding member of the International Partnership for Dogs (IPFD). With the majority of the founding members made up of national kennel clubs, the OFA is somewhat unique as a non-profit foundation. So why the decision to support the IPFD as a founding member?
    Overwhelmingly, it was the commonality in the two organizations’ missions, and the belief that the OFA could both contribute to and benefit from the collaboration.
    The mission of the OFA is “to improve the health and well-being of companion animals through a reduction in the incidence of genetic disease.” The OFA achieves its mission through four specific objectives:

    • To collate and disseminate information concerning orthopedic and genetic diseases of animals.
    • To advise, encourage and establish control programs to lower the incidence of orthopedic and genetic diseases.
    • To encourage and finance research in orthopedic and genetic disease in animals.
    • To receive funds and make grants to carry out these objectives.

    The mission of the IPFD is to facilitate collaboration and sharing of resources to enhance the health, well-being and welfare of pedigreed dogs and all dogs worldwide.
    Most individuals involved in canine health understand that our issues are not constrained by borders. Internationally, we face the same challenges, whether breed specific health improvement strategies, discussions regarding phenotypic extremes, debates on genetic diversity within closed populations, harmonization of various health screening protocols, validation of genetic tests and laboratories, or the host of regulations which can impact dog breeders and animal welfare both positively and negatively.
    The OFA believes the IPFD and the new DogWellNet.com platform provides the first and best opportunity to advance early international discussions to a plan of action. We are pleased to be involved with the IPFD at its inception, look forward to working with the other members, and mostly look forward to our combined efforts leading to healthier dogs tomorrow.

  • Dog Health Workshop

  • Our Partners
    • The SKK - Svenka Kennelklubben (Swedish Kennel Club, in English), is Sweden's largest organisation dedicated to dogs and dog owners. We represent the interests of our 300,000 members – first time dog owners, experienced breeders, hunters, dog lovers, puppy buyers, exhibitors, agility competitors and many more.

       

      Website: http://www.skk.se/en/
      Follow this link for the SKK Blog at DogWellNet

      Follow this link for more information on the Swedish Kennel Club including our organizational structure, code of ethics, and more.

    • The Irish Kennel Club promotes the responsible ownership and breeding of dogs throughout Ireland through education, registration, training and support schemes and events.

       

      Website: http://www.ikc.ie/
      Irish Kennel Club Blog at DogWellNet: - under construction -

    • The Fédération Cynologique Internationale is the World Canine Organisation. It includes 92 members and contract partners (one member per country) that each issue their own pedigrees and train their own judges.

       

      The FCI has five sections: Europe, The Americas and the Caribbean, Asia and the Pacific, Middle-East and Africa.

       

      Website: http://www.fci.be/en/Presentation-of-our-organisation-4.html

       

      FCI Blog at DogWellNet: - under construction -

       

    • Suomen Kennelliitto (Finnish Kennel Club, in English) - Established in 1889, the Finnish Kennel Club is a nationwide expert organisation on canine matters. Its aim is to promote the breeding of pedigree dogs, support diverse dog-related activities and improve dog-keeping standards in Finland. FKC disseminates expert information and serves as a comprehensive lobbying organisation for Finnish and international dog activities.

       

      Website: http://www.kennelliitto.fi/en/home
      Finnish Kennel Club Blog at DogWellNet: - under construction -

    • Royal Canin is a global leader in pet health nutrition. In an industry that continues to adapt to popular trends in cat and dog food, our mission will remain the same; to constantly bring, through Health Nutrition and shared knowledge, the most precise nutritional solution for cats' and dogs' health nutrition needs, by building on constantly deepened scientific knowledge and Royal Canin's roots in the feline and canine professional networks.

    • Agria is one of the world’s leading animal insurers, specialising in small animal and equine insurance. Founded in Sweden over 120 years ago, Agria came to the UK in 2009 and is now a prominent feature of the UK pet insurance industry. In the UK, Agria insures cats, dogs and rabbits.

    • The VDH - Verband für das Deutsche Hundewesen (German Kennel Club in English) is the foremost organisation representing the interests of dog-owners throughout Germany – the first address to find out everything there is to know on the subject of life with dogs, on dog sports and on dog breeding. As an umbrella organisation for its 175 member clubs the VDH today represents more than 650,000 members.

       

      Website: http://www.vdh.de/en/home/
      VDH Blog at DogWellNet: - under construction -

       

      Also see the: Rasselexikon (BREEDOPEDIA) - http://www.vdh.de/welpen/rasse
      A comprehensive online reference of 343 breeds including a detailed description of each breed which covers the general appearance, the character, the history and coat. Some breed profiles contain a video presentation (in German). In addition: the Breedopedia includes addresses of VDH member clubs and breeders with VDH-seal of approval. The breed listing is alphabetical and a specific breed search function is available.

    • Founded and originally incorporated as a private not for profit foundation in 1966, the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals will soon celebrate its 50th anniversary. Its initial mission: To provide radiographic evaluation, data management, and genetic counseling for canine hip dysplasia.

       

      While the OFA continues to focus on hip dysplasia, today’s OFA Mission, “To improve the health and well being of companion animals through a reduction in the incidence of genetic disease,” reflects the organization’s expansion into other inherited diseases and other companion animals such as cats.

       

      Website: http://www.ofa.org/index.html
      OFA Blog at DogWellNet: - under construction -

    • The Norwegian Kennel Club (NKC) was founded in 1898, and is the largest organisation for dog owners in Norway.

       

      Website: http://web2.nkk.no/en/
      Norwegian Kennel Club Blog at DogWellNet: - under construction -

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      Mars Veterinary is a business unit of Mars Petcare, the world’s largest pet care provider. Their mission is to facilitate responsible pet care by enhancing the well-being and relationship between pets, pet owners, breeders, shelters and veterinarians through valuable insights into pets as individuals.

       

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      Mars Veterinary is a proud sponsor of IPFD's Harmonization of Genetic Testing for Dogs Initiative.

       

       

       

       

       

       

    • The Kennel Club is the largest organization in the UK devoted to dog health, welfare and training. Its objective is to ensure that dogs live healthy, happy lives with responsible owners.

       

      Website: http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk
      Kennel Club Blog at DogWellNet: - under construction -

    • The French Kennel Club - SOCIÉTÉ CENTRALE CANINE (SCC) - was founded in 1881 as a non-profit organization by dog fanciers aiming to replenish native dog breeds and to bring in and establish foreign ones as well. The Société Centrale Canine became soon the reference canine organization, being recognized as a public interest organization by decree of the Council of State in April 1914. The SCC is proud to be one of the founders of the FCI in 1911, together with the Kennel Clubs from Germany, Austria, Belgium and the Netherlands.

       

      Website: http://www.scc.asso.fr
      Follow this link for the French Kennel Club Blog at DogWellNet

    • Agria Djurförsäkring (Agria Animal Insurance) is one of the world's leading animal insurers specialising in small animal and equine insurance. The company dominates Scandinavian pet insurance and has recognised the importance of working closely with the veterinary profession since insuring the first horse in 1890.

       

      Website:  http://www.agria.se/
      Agria Blog at DogWellNet: - under construction -