Welfare and Health

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Files on welfare implications of health, or health implications of welfare issues

20 files

  1. This is a media file for Doglogbook.

    37 downloads

    Submitted

  2. by Dr Nicola Rooney and Dr David Sargan with contributions from Dr Matthew Pead, Dr Carri Westgarth, Dr Emma Creighton and Dr Nick Branson
     
    DESCRIPTION: Executive Summary of an independent report, which was commissioned by the RSPCA in order to help inform all those committed to protecting and improving the welfare of pedigree dogs.
     
    The Full Report is also available.
     
    Excerpt...
    "The situation is complex, with many stakeholders and numerous plausible courses of action. Each breed has its own array of problems and so there is no single solution. From research findings, past reports and discussions with prominent experts in the field, the authors compiled a list of 36 distinct actions which have all been posed as possible routes forward. Then based on a survey of twenty experts in the fi elds of dog welfare, genetics, veterinary science, and practising veterinarians, the authors derived fourteen actions believed to hold the greatest potential value for improving pedigree dog welfare."
     

    67 downloads

    Submitted

  3. excerpts from the Preface and Executive Summary
    -------
     
    "The Inquiry into dog breeding was headed by Professor Sir Patrick Bateson FRS.  It was funded by Dogs Trust and the Kennel Club but was conducted independently of both organisations.  The Inquiry received the advice of dog breeders as well as experts in genetics, animal welfare, and veterinary surgery and the report was anonymously peer reviewed by five experts in the three scientific fields.  Throughout the Inquiry Professor Bateson was greatly assisted by Mrs Heather Peck."
     
    ------
     
    "The structure of the report is as follows.  After an introduction to the dog and its domestication, the second chapter discusses scientific advances in the assessment of animal welfare.  The third chapter deals in general terms with the genetics of inbreeding.  The fourth chapter summarises the response to my call for evidence and the fifth summarises what was learned from the interviews conducted over the summer.  The sixth chapter deals with the central problem of poor welfare that has arisen in the course of breeding dogs and the seventh chapter discusses ways forward in order to improve matters.  The eighth chapter gives my recommendations."
     
     
    ALSO SEE:
    Advisory Council Final Report -- Welfare Issues of Dog Breeding - 2014
    http://dogwellnet.com/files/file/307-advisory-council-final-report-welfare-issues-of-dog-breeding-2014/
     

    39 downloads

    Submitted

  4. This report covers work done by the THE ADVISORY COUNCIL ON THE WELFARE ISSUES OF DOG BREEDING (2010 - 2014). Work continues on the development of a shared strategy with all stakeholders of good will to dog welfare. The top priority is to ensure that the specific projects and reports of the Council are taken forward by the relevant bodies and that collaborative work continues.
     
     
     
     

    218 downloads

    Submitted

  5. All-Party Parliamentary Group for Animal Welfare Sub-Group for Dogs
     
    excerpt...
    "What we need is for all dog owners and carers to be responsible. However, it is fundamental to set out exactly what responsible dog ownership and guardianship should look like. This seems like a simple question, and it is the one that started this piece of work. Yet the answer is complex and it is important that any future strategy recognises the interactions between irresponsible breeding and trade with dog control and animal welfare as well as the many benefits that come from dog ownership."
     
    We hope to have further information on this report and other similar welfare related documents available soon

    49 downloads

    Submitted

  6. A collection of articles authored by Dr. Jerold Bell:
    Pedigree Analysis and How Breeding Decisions Affect Genes Small Population Breeds and Issues of Genetic Diversity Popular-Sire Syndrome: Keeping watch over health and quality issues in purebreds The Effects of Genetic Testing: Constructive or Destructive? Removing the stigma of genetic disease Breeding Strategies for Managing Genetic Traits

    93 downloads

    Submitted

  7.  http://www.dogandcatwelfare.eu
    Executive Summary
    The EU Dog & Cat Alliance was established  in 2014 and brings together dog and cat  welfare organisations from across the EU. The Alliance is calling for EU action to build  a better Europe for dogs and cats.
    Currently there is no EU legislation protecting cats and dogs in the context of commercial practices, other than rules on transport and health requirements when moved over borders. Legislation to protect the welfare of dogs and cats involved in commercial practices is therefore left to EU Member States.
    National legislation can vary greatly across the EU, with strict legislation in some countries, and little at all in others. This situation can have serious consequences for animal welfare, but also for animal health, human health, consumer protection and the functioning of the internal market.
    To assess the national legislation relating to dogs and cats involved in commercial practices in the EU, the EU Dog & Cat Alliance gathered information on identification and registration, breeding, trade and surgical mutilations  from each of the EU’s 28 Member States on the basis of a list of questions. The results are summarised in this report.

    45 downloads

    Submitted

  8. Report from a seminar - Norwegian Kennel Club
    ANIMAL WELFARE DOG BREEDS AND PEDIGREE DOGS
    By Astrid Indrebø & Kristin Wear Prestrud

    83 downloads

    Updated

  9. The Kennel Club
    BREED HEALTH IMPROVEMENT STRATEGY: A STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE
     
    "This collection of toolkits is a resource intended to help Breed Health Coordinators maintain,
    develop and promote the health of their breed.. The Kennel Club recognise that Breed Health
    Coordinators are enthusiastic and motivated about canine health, but may not have the specialist
    knowledge or tools required to carry out some tasks. We hope these toolkits will be a good
    resource for current Breed Health Coordinators, and help individuals, who are new to the role,
    make a positive start.
    By using these toolkits, Breed Health Coordinators can expect to:
    • Accelerate the pace of improvement and depth of understanding of the health of their breed
    • Develop a step-by-step approach for creating a health plan
    • Implement a health survey to collect health information and to monitor progress
    The initial tool kit is divided into two sections, a Health Strategy Guide and a Breed Health
    Survey Toolkit."

    48 downloads

    Updated

  10. Author: Dr. Brenda Bonnett
     
    This pdf file is assembled from slides from various presentations I have made to veterinarians, researchers and those interested in human-animal interactions. Too often we talk separately about 'health' or 'welfare' or issues of human-animal interactions. I think these issues are closely inter-related and we need to view them holistically.
     
    Within the talk, topics of health and longevity are illustrated with population-level statistics from Agria Animal Insurance in Sweden (they insure over 300,000 dog, 250,000 cats and about 100,000 horses on a yearly basis. See the DogWellNet.com category 'Population Data on Dogs' for more information).

    96 downloads

    Updated

  11. Eye Health in Dogs|Short Version
    Authors: Berit Wallin Håkansson, Text and illustrations, Sheila Crispin, Photographs and concept, Nils Wallin Håkansson, Photographs, concept
    "Introduction
    This text is a compilation of the long experiences of three Veterinary Ophthalmologists (DECVO). It explains different eye and adnexal problems in dogs that are the immediate result of breeding towards exaggerated breed typical features."
     
    excerpt...
    "The term Critical Control Point, CCP, is suggested to describe an outer limit that must not be exceeded.
    The line should be drawn at physiognomies that increase the risk of ocular illness."

    79 downloads

    Updated

  12. Eye Health in dogs|Comprehensive
    Authors: Berit Wallin Håkansson, Text and illustrations, Sheila Crispin, Photographs and concept, Nils Wallin Håkansson, Photographs, concept
    "Introduction
    This text is a compilation of the long experiences of three Veterinary Ophthalmologists (DECVO). It explains different eye and adnexal problems in dogs that are the immediate result of breeding towards exaggerated breed typical features."
     

    Topics:
    • The normal eye
    • Breed typical eye problems
    • Critical Control Points
    • Exophthalmos, protruding eye
    • The blink mechanism and tear film
    • Enophthalmos, sunken eye
    • Entropion
    • Medial
    • Lateral
    • Upper
    • Lower
    • Entropion "full circle"
    • Eyelid tacking
    • Surgical correction (I)
    • Ectropion
    • Diamond eye
    • Macroblepharon
    • Surgical correction (II)
    • Trichiasis
    • Dry eye
    • "Cherry eye"
    • Keratoconjunctivits sicca
    • Summary

    261 downloads

    Updated

  13. Dog World article: Author: Simon Parsons. Created: 18/07/2012
     
    "I don't regret what we did at Crufts", says KC chairman at eye seminar - A personal report from Simon Parsons
     
    Dog World Article Source:
    http://www.dogworld.co.uk/product.php/75160/1/%E2%80%98i_don%E2%80%99t_regret_what_we_did_at_crufts%E2%80%99,_says_kc_chairman_at_eye_seminar___a_personal_report_from_simon_parsons
     
    excerpt...
    "LAST WEEK I went to the second of the two seminars on eye conformation, arranged by the Kennel Club, this one in the boardroom at Clarges Street. ... Professor Sheila Crispin followed with her illustrated talk on the various deviations from normality which exists in canine eyes... "

    59 downloads

    Updated

  14. The Kennel Club recognises DNA tests and schemes in conjunction with breed clubs and laboratories, some of which are recorded by the Kennel Club on the registration database and are available to view via the online tool Health Test Results Finder. The list below displays the DNA tests available for each breed along with an indication as to whether the test is part of the Assured Breeder Scheme (recommended or required) and whether it is recorded on the Kennel Club registration database. DNA tests are not yet available for every breed.
     
    Please see updated versions which will be posted as they become available.
    dnatestsworldwide-KC-April-2015.pdf

    132 downloads

    Updated

  15. Information and policy from the Scientific Committee of the Nordic Kennel Union (NKU/VK) regarding the use of genetic tests in dog breeding
     


    The availability of genetic tests for different diseases in dogs has increased dramatically in recent years. For breeders and dog owners, the utility and accuracy of these tests are often difficult to assess. Even though DNA tests offer new opportunities as a tool for breeding, they also imply new questions and challenges. The fact that a genetic test is available for a disease in a breed does not automatically mean that the test is accurate or appropriate to use as basis for breeding decisions.  

    The Scientific Committee of the Nordic Kennel Union (NKU/VK) would like to stress that genetic testing in dogs should be used with common sense and caution. The following points should serve as guidelines for breeders and dog owners in the Nordic countries regarding the use of genetic tests.

    49 downloads

    Updated

  16. Author Erling Strandberg of Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Dept of Animal Breeding and Genetics provides a thoughtful overview of behavior and personalty testing and genetic correlations between dog mentality assessment and everyday behavior traits.

    60 downloads

    Updated

  17. (Posting of a published paper: Author P.C. Bennett)
     
    Abstract
    Many companion dogs occupy a privileged position in our society, living closely with human caretakers who go to great lengths to provide for their needs and desires. Others fare less well, being abandoned or killed, many because they are believed to exhibit behaviour problems. The aim in this study was to investigate the frequency of potentially problematic behaviours experienced by a convenience sample of companion dog owners and to establish if the presence of these behaviours was associated with demographic variables, involvement in dog training activities and participation in other dog-human interactions. Potentially problematic behaviours were reported to occur by the 413 adult participants only infrequently, but fell into five factors; disobedience, unfriendliness/aggression, nervousness, anxiety/destructiveness and excitability. Each of these f actors was associated with a number of owner and dog characteristics. Engagement in training activities was predictive of lower scores being obtained for many of the behaviours, as well as increased involvement in shared activities. Some of the behaviours, particularly the perceived friendliness of the dog, were also predictive of involvement in shared activities. This confirms that strategies designed to increase participation in dog training activities and promote canine sociability may have significant benefits for both companion dog owners and their dogs.
     
    www.elsevier.com/locate/applanim Applied Animal Behaviour Science 102 (2007) 65–84
    * Corresponding author. Tel.: +61 3 9903 1144; fax: +61 3 9903 2501.
    E-mail address: p.bennett@med.monash.edu.au (P.C. Bennett).
    0168-1591 # 2006 Elsevier B.V. doi:10.1016/j.applanim.2006.03.009 Open access under CC BY-NC-ND license.

    42 downloads

    Updated

  18. excerpt...
     
    "The purpose of this review is to examine the number, prevalence and impact of disorders related to conformation aspects of the breed standards. This review is part of a larger study into all inherited disorders in pedigree dogs. The second part of this work deals with non-conformational inherited disorders (Summers et al., 2009)."
     

    Inherited defects in pedigree dogs. Part 1: Disorders related to breed standards
     
    Authors: Asher L1, Diesel G, Summers JF, McGreevy PD, Collins LM.
    Abstract
    The United Kingdom pedigree-dog industry has faced criticism because certain aspects of dog conformation stipulated in the UK Kennel Club breed standards have a detrimental impact on dog welfare. A review of conformation-related disorders was carried out in the top 50 UK Kennel Club registered breeds using systematic searches of existing information. A novel index to score severity of disorders along a single scale was also developed and used to conduct statistical analyses to determine the factors affecting reported breed predisposition to defects. According to the literature searched, each of the top 50 breeds was found to have at least one aspect of its conformation predisposing it to a disorder; and 84 disorders were either directly or indirectly associated with conformation. The Miniature poodle, Bulldog, Pug and Basset hound had most associations with conformation-related disorders. Further research on prevalence and severity is required to assess the impact of different disorders on the welfare of affected breeds.
    This article is also available for a fee at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1090023309003645

     

    Inherited defects in pedigree dogs. Part 2: Disorders that are not related to breed standards
    Authors: Jennifer F. Summers, Gillian Diesel, Lucy Asher, Paul D. McGreevy, Lisa M. Collins
    Abstract
    Recent debate concerning health problems in pedigree animals has highlighted gaps in current knowledge of the prevalence, severity and welfare implications of deleterious inherited traits within the pedigree-dog population. In this second part of a two-part review, inherited disorders in the top 50 UK Kennel Club registered breeds were researched using systematic searches of existing databases. A set of inclusion and exclusion criteria, including an evidence strength scale (SEHB), were applied to search results. A total of 312 non-conformation linked inherited disorders was identified, with German shepherd dogs and Golden retrievers associated with the greatest number of disorders. The most commonly reported mode of inheritance was autosomal recessive (71%; 57 breed-disorder combinations), and the most common primarily affected body system was the nervous sensory system. To provide a true assessment of the scale of inherited disorders in the pedigree dogs studied more effort is required to collect accurate prevalence data. This article is also available for a fee at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1090023309004407

    291 downloads

    Updated

  19. The first file here entitled "International and collaborative strategies to enhance genetic health" is a graphic from original article which illustrates the basis for action to enhance canine genetic health
     
    Article from The Veterinary Journal:
    International and collaborative strategies to enhance genetic health in purebred dogs
    Authors: Åke A. Hedhammar, Sofia Malm, Brenda Bonnett
     
    a b s t r a c t
    Health problems in pedigree dogs have recently been highlighted in the media worldwide and verified internationally by cynological organisations. Collaborative actions are now needed to deal with both existing and future issues. In this article, potential roles for various stakeholders are discussed and the value of national and international platforms for collaborations is stressed. Development of specific strategies for action must be based on criteria of significance, such as severity, prevalence and inheritance, as well as availability of effective preventive measures. Assessment of options should be founded on evidence from appropriate populations-at-risk and consider broader issues, such as demographics and human–animal interactions. Existing data, such as those from insurance statistics and health surveys, should be used as a reference until representative national/international population-level breed-specific data are available. Key issues and challenges, as well as possible strategies to address them, are discussed.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl.2011.06.018

     

    144 downloads

    Updated

  20. Author: Helena Eken Asp
     
    The Swedish Working Dog Association (SBK) has, since 1989, carried out a standardized behavioural test called Dog Mentality Assessment (DMA).
    Results from the DMA can be condensed into five personality traits: playfulness, sociability, curiosity/fearlessness, chase-proneness and aggression. The aim of this thesis was to investigate the possibility to use information from the DMA to select for improved everyday life in dogs and to study the genetic background of everyday behaviour.

    53 downloads

    Updated

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  • Dog Health Workshop

    Pre/ Post-meeting resources
    Success!  Thanks to all for your participation and let's keep this good work going!
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  • Our Partners
    • Agria is one of the world’s leading animal insurers, specialising in small animal and equine insurance. Founded in Sweden over 120 years ago, Agria came to the UK in 2009 and is now a prominent feature of the UK pet insurance industry. In the UK, Agria insures cats, dogs and rabbits.

    • The Kennel Club is the largest organization in the UK devoted to dog health, welfare and training. Its objective is to ensure that dogs live healthy, happy lives with responsible owners.

       

      Website: http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk
      Kennel Club Blog at DogWellNet: - under construction -

    • Founded and originally incorporated as a private not for profit foundation in 1966, the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals will soon celebrate its 50th anniversary. Its initial mission: To provide radiographic evaluation, data management, and genetic counseling for canine hip dysplasia.

       

      While the OFA continues to focus on hip dysplasia, today’s OFA Mission, “To improve the health and well being of companion animals through a reduction in the incidence of genetic disease,” reflects the organization’s expansion into other inherited diseases and other companion animals such as cats.

       

      Website: http://www.ofa.org/index.html
      OFA Blog at DogWellNet: - under construction -

    • Royal Canin is a global leader in pet health nutrition. In an industry that continues to adapt to popular trends in cat and dog food, our mission will remain the same; to constantly bring, through Health Nutrition and shared knowledge, the most precise nutritional solution for cats' and dogs' health nutrition needs, by building on constantly deepened scientific knowledge and Royal Canin's roots in the feline and canine professional networks.

    • The Fédération Cynologique Internationale is the World Canine Organisation. It includes 92 members and contract partners (one member per country) that each issue their own pedigrees and train their own judges.

       

      The FCI has five sections: Europe, The Americas and the Caribbean, Asia and the Pacific, Middle-East and Africa.

       

      Website: http://www.fci.be/en/Presentation-of-our-organisation-4.html

       

      FCI Blog at DogWellNet: - under construction -

       

    • The Norwegian Kennel Club (NKC) was founded in 1898, and is the largest organisation for dog owners in Norway.

       

      Website: http://web2.nkk.no/en/
      Norwegian Kennel Club Blog at DogWellNet: - under construction -

    •  

      Mars Veterinary is a business unit of Mars Petcare, the world’s largest pet care provider. Their mission is to facilitate responsible pet care by enhancing the well-being and relationship between pets, pet owners, breeders, shelters and veterinarians through valuable insights into pets as individuals.

       

      IPFD Harmonization logo white Sm.jpg

      Mars Veterinary is a proud sponsor of IPFD's Harmonization of Genetic Testing for Dogs Initiative.

       

       

       

       

       

       

    • The French Kennel Club - SOCIÉTÉ CENTRALE CANINE (SCC) - was founded in 1881 as a non-profit organization by dog fanciers aiming to replenish native dog breeds and to bring in and establish foreign ones as well. The Société Centrale Canine became soon the reference canine organization, being recognized as a public interest organization by decree of the Council of State in April 1914. The SCC is proud to be one of the founders of the FCI in 1911, together with the Kennel Clubs from Germany, Austria, Belgium and the Netherlands.

       

      Website: http://www.scc.asso.fr
      Follow this link for the French Kennel Club Blog at DogWellNet

    • Suomen Kennelliitto (Finnish Kennel Club, in English) - Established in 1889, the Finnish Kennel Club is a nationwide expert organisation on canine matters. Its aim is to promote the breeding of pedigree dogs, support diverse dog-related activities and improve dog-keeping standards in Finland. FKC disseminates expert information and serves as a comprehensive lobbying organisation for Finnish and international dog activities.

       

      Website: http://www.kennelliitto.fi/en/home
      Finnish Kennel Club Blog at DogWellNet: - under construction -

    • The SKK - Svenka Kennelklubben (Swedish Kennel Club, in English), is Sweden's largest organisation dedicated to dogs and dog owners. We represent the interests of our 300,000 members – first time dog owners, experienced breeders, hunters, dog lovers, puppy buyers, exhibitors, agility competitors and many more.

       

      Website: http://www.skk.se/en/
      Follow this link for the SKK Blog at DogWellNet

      Follow this link for more information on the Swedish Kennel Club including our organizational structure, code of ethics, and more.

    • The VDH - Verband für das Deutsche Hundewesen (German Kennel Club in English) is the foremost organisation representing the interests of dog-owners throughout Germany – the first address to find out everything there is to know on the subject of life with dogs, on dog sports and on dog breeding. As an umbrella organisation for its 175 member clubs the VDH today represents more than 650,000 members.

       

      Website: http://www.vdh.de/en/home/
      VDH Blog at DogWellNet: - under construction -

       

      Also see the: Rasselexikon (BREEDOPEDIA) - http://www.vdh.de/welpen/rasse
      A comprehensive online reference of 343 breeds including a detailed description of each breed which covers the general appearance, the character, the history and coat. Some breed profiles contain a video presentation (in German). In addition: the Breedopedia includes addresses of VDH member clubs and breeders with VDH-seal of approval. The breed listing is alphabetical and a specific breed search function is available.

    • Agria Djurförsäkring (Agria Animal Insurance) is one of the world's leading animal insurers specialising in small animal and equine insurance. The company dominates Scandinavian pet insurance and has recognised the importance of working closely with the veterinary profession since insuring the first horse in 1890.

       

      Website:  http://www.agria.se/
      Agria Blog at DogWellNet: - under construction -

    • The Irish Kennel Club promotes the responsible ownership and breeding of dogs throughout Ireland through education, registration, training and support schemes and events.

       

      Website: http://www.ikc.ie/
      Irish Kennel Club Blog at DogWellNet: - under construction -

  • Pedigreed Breeds
    • Salukis vary in type and the variation is desired and typical for the breed. The reason for the variation is the special place held by the Saluki in the Arab tradition and the immense size of the Middle East area where the Saluki has been used as a hound of the chase for thousands of years. 

       

      salukibreed_pic.png

    • The Heeler is an intelligent, eager-to-please fellow, with a love of people; he enjoys being with children because he likes joining in games. 

    • An imperturbable dog, prepared for defense, whose appearance fills with respect. Typical characteristics of this dog are his good natured, even temperament and his incorruptible loyalty towards his master. He has highly developed sense organs, intelligence, trainability, strength, endurance, speed, resistance to weather and diseases. His inborn ability to bear strain and his self assurance make him best suited for being a companion, sporting, utility and working dog.

    • NOTE: LANDSEER ECT is not the same breed of dog as the black and white 'Landseer' Newfoundland

       

      Newfoundland - Landseer History

      Newfoundland, Landseer or both? Actually, there are 3 versions: The American Newfoundland Landseer, the European Newfoundland Landseer and the European Landseer ECT.


      The USA (AKC) recognizes both European and American Newfoundland Landseers but does not recognize the 3rd version, the Landseer ECT, as a version of the Newfoundland or even as a breed.


       

      The Newfoundland Club of America addresses the question: "What is an ECT?

      ECT stands for "European Continental Type". ECT's or Landseer ECT's as they are sometimes called, resemble Landseers, but are different in type and temperament. An ECT is a little taller, a little less broad, and to the person familiar with Newfs, just looks "different" than a Newf. ECT's tend to have a more "active" personality, and require an owner ready to live with a large dog which is more assertive than a typical Newf."

       

      "As of 1998, Every country except the U.S. and Canada recognize the ECT as a separate breed from the Newfoundland."

       

       

    • The Wheaten is probably the oldest of the four breeds. Its existence for at least 200 years can be inferred from textual references to "soft-coated" dogs.