Evaluating and screening for health conditions in individual dogs and across breeds is integral to Health Strategies and Programs. However, the challenges and complexities are considerable. In this section we look to provide information, links and expert guidance to breeders and breeding advisors.
Overview and details of use of various screening and other tests in breeding decisions; including quality and validation issues as well as proper interpretation at the dog, breed, national and international levels. * Check out the Subcategories (below) and Articles (further below).*
This section provides resources on genetic DNA testing, which has grown in popularity among breeders to determine an animal’s predisposition towards disease and other genetic conditions. * Check out the Subcategories (below) and Articles (further below).*
Many health evaluations have been used to inform breeding decisions. Most commonly and historically, for Hip Dysplasia and Eye conditions, also Elbow Screening, Behavior/Temperament and others. However, the tests/evaluations used are not necessarily standardized or harmonized across all registries, nationally or internationally. In this section we provide content on principles, challenges, controversies and new developments to help breeders understand the complexities, organized by specific conditions. * Check out the Subcategories (below) and Articles (further below).*
Bernese Mountain Dogs were originally found in the valleys of the Bernese Oberland of Switzerland and were used as general multi purpose farm dogs. They were draught dogs pulling cart loaded with produce to market, items such as basket ware, cheese, or milk to the local dairy. The carts were also decorated for village festivals and celebrations which still puts the dogs as centre of attention today. They were also employed in helping to herd sheep and cattle to and from the mountain pastures. All Bernese carry the traditional Swiss colouring of black and tan with white markings.