An integral part of health screening and breeding programs for many breeds.
However, there are multiple evaluation protocols. Here we profile the main ones, including those in use by the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA); British Veterinary Association (BVA) and The Kennel Club; and the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI).
Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) :
ARTICLE: An overview of Hip Grading
British Veterinary Association (BVA) / The Kennel Club:
ARTICLE: Hip Dysplasia Scheme
ARTICLE: British Veterinary Association / Kennel Club Hip Dysplasia Scheme – Procedure Notes (2015)
ARTICLE: BRITISH VETERINARY ASSOCIATION / KENNEL CLUB HIP DYSPLASIA SCHEME Breed Specific Statistics
Data calculated to 12/31/2016
ARTICLE: The Kennel Club -- BVA Health Schemes
Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI):
F.C.I.'s Hip and Elbow documents (requirements, procedures and links to further information)
ARTICLE: Hip-/Elbow Dysplasia International Certificate
Hip (HD) and elbow displasia (ED) - Summary (Margarita DURÁN)