The Chihuahua tʃɪˈwɑːwɑː/ (Spanish: chihuahueño) is the smallest breed of dog and is named for the state of Chihuahua in Mexico. Chihuahuas come in a wide variety of sizes, head shapes, colors, and coat lengths.
Links to Breed Descriptions
AKC Video Link
View more videos on AKC's YouTube Channel
SCC Video Link
View more videos on SCC's YouTube Channel
CHIHUAHUA CLUB OF AMERICA, INC., Illustrated Standard -- Chihuahua
The Unique Adaptations of Chihuahuas
Dogs hear four times as well as humans, with a range of frequencies twice as large. And Chihuahuas sense of hearing is one of the best of any breed.
Other Names for Breed
Chihuahua, poil court
Chihuahueño, pelo corto
Country of Origin and Parent Breed Club
Country of origin: Mexico
Health and Well-Being
Some sources of health information include:
National kennel clubs and breed clubs (see, e.g. Breeding/Health Strategy Documents, below)
Population-level statistics (see, e.g., Swedish Insurance Data, below)
Breed club surveys
There are numerous breed standards.
The basis of breed/conformation shows is the judging of pedigree dogs against the 'Breed Standard', which is a picture in words that describes the range of features that are deemed appropriate for the breed.
Three of the major international standards are:
The American Kennel Club
The Kennel Club, UK
FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale)
1. Swedish Insurance Data
Breed-specific information on rates of disease and death from Agria Pet Insurance (Agria Djurförsäkring) is available for many breeds.
This breed has information on Veterinary Care and Life Insurance.
Breeding/Health Strategy Documents
Health/Breeding Strategy Documents and Links:
The Kennel Club, UK: Breed Watch (Category 2)
Sweden: Breed-specific Breeding Strategies: (in Swedish) and/ or English summary
Finland: Finnish Kennel Club database: Smooth coat Chihuahua: https://jalostus.kennelliitto.fi/frmEtusivu.aspx?R=218.1
Breed-Specific DNA Tests
HGTD - Chihuahuas
Other Breed-Specific Webpages
O’Neill, D.G., Packer, R.M.A., Lobb, M. et al. Demography and commonly recorded clinical conditions of Chihuahuas under primary veterinary care in the UK in 2016. BMC Vet Res 16, 42 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-2258-1
We are listing sites for breed clubs with health or other information that might be helpful. Follow links below.
Canada: Chihuahua Club of Canada
UK: British Chihuahua Club
USA: Chihuahua Club of America
Finland: Chihuahua ry