The Chihuahua tʃɪˈwɑːwɑː/ (Spanish: chihuahueño) is the smallest breed of dog and is named for the state of Chihuahua in Mexico. Chihuahuas come in a wide variety of sizes, head shapes, colors, and coat lengths.
Links to Breed Descriptions:
AKC Video Link
View more videos on AKC's YouTube Channel
SCC Video Link
View more videos on SCC's YouTube Channel
CHIHUAHUA CLUB OF AMERICA, INC., Illustrated Standard -- Chihuahua
The Unique Adaptations of Chihuahuas
Dogs hear four times as well as humans, with a range of frequencies twice as large. And Chihuahuas sense of hearing is one of the best of any breed.
Other Names for Breed:
Chihuahua, poil court
Chihuahueño, pelo corto
Country of Origin and Parent Breed Club:
Country of origin: Mexico
Health and Well-Being:
Some sources of health information include:
National kennel clubs and breed clubs (see, e.g. Breeding/Health Strategy Documents, below)
Population-level statistics (see, e.g., Swedish Insurance Data, below)
Breed club surveys
There are numerous breed standards.
The basis of breed/conformation shows is the judging of pedigree dogs against the 'Breed Standard', which is a picture in words that describes the range of features that are deemed appropriate for the breed.
Three of the major international standards are:
The American Kennel Club
The Kennel Club, UK
FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale)
1. Swedish Insurance Data
Breed-specific information on rates of disease and death from Agria Pet Insurance (Agria Djurförsäkring) is available for many breeds.
This breed has information on Veterinary Care and Life Insurance.
Breeding/Health Strategy Documents:
Health/Breeding Strategy Documents and Links:
The Kennel Club, UK: Breed Watch (Category 2)
Sweden: Breed-specific Breeding Strategies: (in Swedish) and/ or English summary
Finland: Finnish Kennel Club database: Smooth coat Chihuahua: https://jalostus.kennelliitto.fi/frmEtusivu.aspx?R=218.1
Breed-Specific DNA Tests:
HGTD - Chihuahuas
Other Breed-Specific Webpages:
O’Neill, D.G., Packer, R.M.A., Lobb, M. et al. Demography and commonly recorded clinical conditions of Chihuahuas under primary veterinary care in the UK in 2016. BMC Vet Res 16, 42 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-2258-1
We are listing sites for breed clubs with health or other information that might be helpful. Follow links below.
Canada: Chihuahua Club of Canada
UK: British Chihuahua Club
USA: Chihuahua Club of America
Finland: Chihuahua ry