The Chow Chow (sometimes simply Chow) is a dog breed originally from northern China,] where it is referred to as Songshi Quan (Pinyin: sōngshī quǎn 鬆獅犬), which means "puffy-lion dog".
Links to Breed Descriptions
AKC Video Link
View more videos on AKC's YouTube Channel
AKC Illustrated Standard
Judging the Chow Chow
(Internal for archiving purposes judging_the_chow_chow_2011updated.pdf )
Other Names for Breed
Country of Origin and Parent Breed Club
Country of origin: China
Health and Well-Being
Some sources of health information include:
National kennel clubs and breed clubs (see, e.g. Breeding/Health Strategy Documents, below)
Population-level statistics (see, e.g., Swedish Insurance Data, below)
Breed club surveys
There are numerous breed standards.
The basis of breed/conformation shows is the judging of pedigree dogs against the 'Breed Standard', which is a picture in words that describes the range of features that are deemed appropriate for the breed.
Three of the major international standards are:
The American Kennel Club
The Kennel Club, UK
FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale)
1. Swedish Insurance Data
Breed-specific information on rates of disease and death from Agria Pet Insurance (Agria Djurförsäkring) is available for many breeds.
This breed has information on Veterinary Care and Life Insurance.
2. Finnish Kennel Club Database: Chow Chow: https://jalostus.kennelliitto.fi/frmEtusivu.aspx?R=205
Breeding/Health Strategy Documents
Health/Breeding Strategy Documents and Links:
Sweden: Breed-specific Breeding Strategies: (in Swedish) and/ or English summary
Finland: JTO: Jalostuksen tavoiteohjelma CHOW CHOW 2019 - 2023: https://jalostus.kennelliitto.fi/RotuPDF.ashx?R=205&T=2
The Chow Chow Club of Victoria: Judith-Ann Robertson, Editor: 2010_08_BREEDING_GUIDELINES-CHOW+CHOW
UK: Breed Watch (Category 2)
Breed-Specific DNA Tests:
Other Breed-Specific Webpages
Canine Chronicle: Judging the Chow Chow by Love Banghart
Educational Webinars: AKC Parent Club
Chow Chow Fertility Survey
Document source: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal science
Thesis 2005: 60
Below is an excerpt from the English translation of the Swedish RAS. The Fertility Survey is referenced.
There are many opinions about the fertility of the chow. It is not possible to prove that it is a season-related problem, that the chow chow on account of its relationship with the primeval dog would produce more puppies in the spring as opposed to in the fall. Further, it is not possible to establish why some bitches failed to conceive and some males do not want to mate. The demand for chow chows is quite high in relation to the amount of puppies available. Most puppies are sold as companion dogs. Around 50% of the mated bitches result in puppies.
A fertility survey has been conducted by associate professor Katarina Linde-Forsberg and Camilla Wikström
The survey shows that the problems manifest themselves as many and there is no isolated factor, which may be easily identified and acted upon. Some bitches show disturbances in their heat periods and surely a lack of ovulation. To avoid problems with large deviations from the normal heat periods to spread within the breed, bitches with problems should be excluded from breeding. It may be suspected that there is a genetic disposition for this type of deviations. If the bitches are noted to be so valuable that breeding can be motivated, it is extremely important to choose males from functioning lines. Preferences (the bitch wants to choose the partner herself) seem to be common in chow chow, which is a normal and primitive behavior, but affects the possibilities of making the bitch in whelp.
We are listing sites for breed clubs with health or other information that might be helpful. Follow links below.
Canada: Chow Chow Club of Canada
Sweden: Chow Chow Ringen
UK: Chow Chow Club
USA: Chow Chow Club
Finland: CHOW CHOW YHDISTYS RY