The Japanese Chin, also known as the Japanese Spaniel, is a dog acknowledged for its importance to Japanese nobility. It is also known for its strabismus of the eyes.
Links to Breed Descriptions
Country of Origin and Parent Breed Club
Japanese chin, also known as Japanese Spaniel, is a very old dog breed originally from China and Korea, Japan, which gained a prominent position in the imperial court of Japan.
There are numerous breed standards. The basis of breed/conformation shows is the judging of pedigree dogs against the 'Breed Standard', which is a picture in words that describes the range of features that are deemed appropriate for the breed. Three of the major international standards are:
The American Kennel Club
The Kennel Club, UK
FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale)
1. Swedish Insurance Data Breed-specific information on rates of disease and death from Agria Pet Insurance (Agria Djurförsäkring) is available for many breeds. This breed has information on Veterinary Care and Life Insurance.
2. Finland: Database, Japanese Chin: https://jalostus.kennelliitto.fi/frmEtusivu.aspx?R=206
Japanese Chin Finland ry: Terveystuloksia: http://japanesechinfin.weebly.com/terveystuloksia.html
3. Population analysis of the Japanese Chin breed: UK: JAPANESE CHIN.pdf
Breeding/Health Strategy Documents
Health/Breeding Strategy Documents and Links:
The Kennel Club, UK: Breed Watch (Category 1)
Sweden: Breed-specific Breeding Strategies: (in Swedish) and/ or English summary
JAPANESE CHIN JALOSTUKSEN TAVOITEOHJELMA VUOSILLE 2013-2017 (in Finnish)
(JTO internal) JTOehdotus_Japanese_chin_2013-2017_hyvJCFry
Jalostuksen tavoiteohjelma, uusi 2022–2026 Japanese Chin: https://japanesechinfin.weebly.com/jalostuksen-tavoiteohjelma.html
Breed-Specific DNA Tests:
We are listing sites for breed clubs with health or other information that might be helpful. Follow links below.
Finland: Finnish Toy Dog Society:Japanese Chin: https://www.toydogs.fi/index.php?b=_b630c4848&p=BreedsPage&l=
Japanese Chin Finland ry: http://japanesechinfin.weebly.com/
Sweden: JAPANESE CHIN SOCIETETEN: http://www.japanesechin.se/JCS_START.html
Norway: Norsk Miniatyrhund japanese Chin: http://www.nmhk-japanesechin.net/
UK: The Japanese Chin Club: https://www.japchinclub.co.uk/
US: Japanese Chin Club of America: http://japanesechinclub.org/