The Chihuahua tʃɪˈwɑːwɑː/ (Spanish: chihuahueño) is the smallest breed of dog and is named for the state of Chihuahua in Mexico. Chihuahuas come in a wide variety of sizes, head shapes, colors, and coat lengths.
Links to Breed Descriptions:
AKC Video Link
View more videos on AKC's YouTube Channel
SCC Video Link
View more videos on SCC's YouTube Channel
CHIHUAHUA CLUB OF AMERICA, INC., Illustrated Standard -- Chihuahua
The Unique Adaptations of Chihuahuas
Dogs hear four times as well as humans, with a range of frequencies twice as large. And Chihuahuas sense of hearing is one of the best of any breed.
Other Names for Breed:
Chihuahua, poil court
Chihuahueño, pelo corto
Country of Origin and Parent Breed Club:
Country of origin: Mexico
Health and Well-Being:
Some sources of health information include:
National kennel clubs and breed clubs (see, e.g. Breeding/Health Strategy Documents, below)
Population-level statistics (see, e.g., Swedish Insurance Data, below)
Breed club surveys
There are numerous breed standards.
The basis of breed/conformation shows is the judging of pedigree dogs against the 'Breed Standard', which is a picture in words that describes the range of features that are deemed appropriate for the breed.
Three of the major international standards are:
The American Kennel Club
The Kennel Club, UK
FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale)
1. Swedish Insurance Data
Breed-specific information on rates of disease and death from Agria Pet Insurance (Agria Djurförsäkring) is available for many breeds.
This breed has information on Veterinary Care and Life Insurance.
Breeding/Health Strategy Documents:
Health/Breeding Strategy Documents and Links:
The Kennel Club, UK: Breed Watch
Sweden: Breed-specific Breeding Strategies: (in Swedish) and/ or English summary
The Kennel Club: Chihuahua (Smooth Coat) Pedigree Breed Health Survey
Breed-Specific DNA Tests:
The Kennel Club list of DNA tests available for each breed along with an indication as to whether the test is part of the Assured Breeder Scheme (recommended or required) and whether it is recorded on the Kennel Club registration database.
Other Breed-Specific Webpages:
We are listing sites for breed clubs with health or other information that might be helpful. Follow links below.
Canada: Chihuahua Club of Canada
UK: British Chihuahua Club
USA: Chihuahua Club of America