See: The German Kennel Club (VDH) for information and video (if available). (Hint: your browser should be able to Translate to English, at least for text (e.g., right click in Google Chrome or Internet Explorer).)
National kennel clubs and breed clubs (see, e.g. Breeding/Health Strategy Documents, below)
Population-level statistics (see, e.g., Swedish Insurance Data, below)
Breed club surveys
There are numerous breed standards.
The basis of breed/conformation shows is the judging of pedigree dogs against the 'Breed Standard', which is a picture in words that describes the range of features that are deemed appropriate for the breed.
The Kennel Club list of DNA tests available for each breed along with an indication as to whether the test is part of the Assured Breeder Scheme (recommended or required) and whether it is recorded on the Kennel Club registration database.
Report to the AKC Board of Directors from the American Kennel Club Health and Welfare Advisory Panel
Molecular Genetic Analysis of Backcross Dalmatians Compared to AKC Dalmatians, UK Dalmatians, Pointers, and Other Breeds
H_W_Comm_Report_to_AKC_April_30__2010 - This memorandum contains: 1) Comments from the AKC Health and Welfare Advisory Panel; 2) Mars Veterinary Report: Interim genetic analysis of selected backcross Dalmatians using principle component analysis