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The Finnish Kennel Club: Crosses Between Breeds

    Crossbreeding - in Finland

    ★ See the most recent information on crossbreeding in Finland below! ★

    Background: 2013-'14 v.

    Instructions For Implementing And Monitoring Crosses Between Breeds

    (approved by the Finnish Kennel Club board 22.11.2013. Valid from 1.1.2014)

    The Finnish Kennel Club (FKK) presents their goals (below), which also explain the motivation behind the program. It is important to note that the FKK has a strong history and well-developed program of monitoring and evaluating health and performance with each breed club reporting on conditions in their dogs. This forms the foundation for a considered and controlled approach to including cross-breeding in genetic strategies.

    "Goals: what is lacking: why are breed crosses needed?

    • Improving or restoring working traits
    • Decreasing the incidence of breed-specific genetic problems in health, behaviour and/or
    • reproduction traits
    • A harmful mutation allele has been fixed in the breed: bringing back a normal allele into the breed
    • Improving the health in a breed with exaggerated conformation traits
    • Improving general fitness in the breed (decreasing the incidence of immunological problems)

    Breed crosses are primarily intended for breeds which lack the necessary genetic variance needed in
    breeding against important traits.

    The application should include an analysis of the situation of the breed. The analysis should clearly show the
    need for crossbreeding. The breed-specific breeding strategy (JTO) of the breed may form the basis of the

    Also See  Katariina Mäki's FKC Blog post: More on crossbreeding in Finland



    Updated: 2019-valid from 1.1.2020 V.

    Instructions for implementing and monitoring crosses between breeds
    Approved by the Finnish Kennel Club’s Board on 22.11.2013. Valid from 1.1.2014.
    Updates: Board 22.11.2019, valid from 1.1.2020

    Internal: Instructions for implementing crossbreeding fkc 2019-20 v.pdf


    Chair of the Finnish Kennel Club’s Scientific Committee, Kirsi Sainio explains on the video how crossbreeding has been done in Finland.


    Crossbreeding is something that has been commonly used throughout the history of pedigree dog breeding. Today, this method isn’t that popular and has not been in use. For many breeds, crossbreeding could be a good method for improving traits, health status, and genetic diversity as well as for increasing the gene pool.






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