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Genetic Management of Dutch Golden Retriever Dogs with a Simulation Tool

    Check out the discussion thread on this article in the Members Forum started by Gregorie Leroy, entitled: "Number of Litters per Reproducer" in which he referenced this article:


    Genetic management of Dutch golden retriever dogs with a simulation tool
    Windig JJ1, Oldenbroek K.


    Unfortunately, the article is not open access, but below we reproduce the abstract from PubMed.
    The article may be purchased via the journal at:


    Hopefully, discussion will continue in the Forums on this important topic.

    Link to PubMed Reference

    J Anim Breed Genet. 2015 Apr 27. doi: 10.1111/jbg.12149. [Epub ahead of print]



    Genetic management of Dutch golden retriever dogs with a simulation tool
    Windig JJ1, Oldenbroek K.
    Author information
    Excessive inbreeding rates and small effective population sizes are an important problem in many populations of dogs. Proper genetic management of these populations can decrease the problem, and several measures are available. However, the effectiveness of these measures is not clear beforehand. Therefore, a simulation model was developed to test measures that aim to decrease the rate of inbreeding. The simulation program was used to evaluate inbreeding restriction measures in the Dutch golden retriever dog population. This population consisted of approximately 600 dams and 150 sires that produce 300 litters each year. The five most popular sires sire approximately 25% of the litters in a year. Simulations show that the small number of popular sires and their high contribution to the next generation are the main determinants of the inbreeding rates. Restricting breeding to animals with a low average relatedness to all other animals in the population was the most effective measure and decreased the rate of inbreeding per generation from 0.41 to 0.12%. Minimizing co-ancestry of parents was not effective in the long run, but decreased variation in inbreeding rates. Restricting the number of litters per sire generally decreased the generation interval because sires were replaced more quickly, once they met their restriction. In some instances, this lead to an increase in inbreeding rates because the next generations were more related. The simulation tool proved to be a powerful and educational tool for deciding which breeding restrictions to apply, and can be effective in different breeds and species as well.
    © 2015 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.


    Animal breeding; diversity; inbreeding
    PMID: 25912813 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]



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