Reminder: Login to access new features and members-only content!

Register to be a member of our community. Its easy!

Register a new account

Already a member?

Log In here!


Did you find our content interesting or helpful? Help support the IPFD enhance health, well-being and welfare for dogs everywhere.

Jump to content

    Sourcing  - Where do puppies come from?

    ... and how do they get to where they are now?

    We will look to populate this area of the website with articles, information, evidence and links for these topics and others.

    • What are the influences of Supply and Demand on the health and welfare of dogs?
    • What impact does source have on the health, well-being and welfare of dogs?
    • What is the approach/ role of welfare organizations and the government? Potential benefits and risks?
    • Issues of supply and demand, are there enough humanely-raised dogs to supply the public? Do we know the numbers?
    • What is the role of the consumer? E.g., Emotional acquisition: 1. Spontaneous rather than considered purchase; 2. Rescues: within a country from other countries; the potential for commercial dog entities to sell dogs as 'rescues'...
    • What are the international implications? Similarities and differences? Impact of demand on sources in under-developed countries; and impact of dogs from regions with lower standards for health and welfare on other countries?

    As a 'landing page' we will update this listing as new material becomes available.


    Links to comments on supply and demand....

    IPFD links:


    Why do people choose the dogs they do - and what is the impact on dog health and welfare? - Blog by Brenda Bonnett (April 2019) - a review of owner attitudes and decision making in dog acquisition.  Also a link to Dr. Bonnett's presentation at the Human Behaviour Change conference in 2016.

    External links:

    From: Michigan State University Animal Legal and Historical Center Detailed Discussion of Commercial Breeders and Puppy Mills


    Enforcement of commercial breeding laws rests within the individual states. It is important that states maintain uniformity, however, to preserve legitimate breeding operations. Without proper enforcement of current laws, and stricter laws introduced, puppy mills will continue to thrive on consumer demand."


    "Millions of dogs each year are produced in puppy mills, adding to the pet overpopulation that overwhelms the country’s animal shelters. According to the Humane Society of the United States (“HSUS”), 2-4 million dogs bred in puppy mills are sold each year to uninformed, eager consumers. See Humane Society of the United States , (last visited Aug. 24, 2008). While legitimate breeders try to place desired dogs with competent homes, the prevalence of irresponsible breeders has risen in recent years with the growing demand for purebred and designer dogs."


    From Blog: Sourcing of dogs revisited; the clock is ticking, by Mark Cushing, DVM.

    "Many of my dvm360 blogs this past year touched on a looming issue for veterinarians, animal welfare groups and the pet industry: namely, where is the source for humanely-bred dogs to meet the needs of American society during the next 50 years as our human population grows from 310 million to more than 400 million? Unless we turn a blind eye to human-animal bond research and the powerful evidence of the mutual value of relationships between people and companion animals, and American’s obvious love of pets, then we must start working in earnest to find a solution."




  Report Entry

User Feedback

Recommended Comments

There are no comments to display.

Join the conversation

You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.
Note: Your post will require moderator approval before it will be visible.

Add a comment...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.

  • Create New...

Important Information

By using this site, you agree to our Terms of Use.