The Dobermann breed requires a medium sized, powerful, muscular dog. Despite his substance he shall be elegant and noble, which will be evident in his body line. He must be exceptionally suitable as a companion, protection and working dog and also as a family dog.
The Dobermann is the only German breed which bears the name of its original breeder, Friedrich Louis Dobermann (02.01.1834 – 09.06.1894). He was believed to be a tax collector, offal abbatoir manager (knacker) and a part time dog catcher, legally able to catch all stray dogs. He bred with animals from this reservoir that were particularly sharp. The so called “butcher’s dogs” which were already considered a relatively pure breed at that time, played a most important role in the origination of the Dobermann breed.
Links to Breed Descriptions
See: The German Kennel Club (VDH) for information and video (if available).
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This and other breed videos are available in full length here
AKC Video Link
View more videos on AKC's YouTube Channel
SCC Video Link
View more videos on SCC's YouTube Channel
Doberman Pinscher Club of America: Illustrated Standard
Sweden: Dobermann Raskompendium - SBK ́s domarkonferens
18-20 oktober 2019
Other Names for Breed
Country of Origin and Parent Breed Club
Country of origin: Germany
Health and Well-Being
Some sources of health information include:
National kennel clubs and breed clubs (see, e.g. Breeding/Health Strategy Documents, below)
Population-level statistics (see, e.g., Swedish Insurance Data, below)
Breed club surveys
See our article, Get a GRIHP! on the Dobermann for important information on the Dobermann.
Be aware: Dogs with dilated cardiomyopathy in the symptomatic stage often experience coughing, poor performance, high respiratory rate, or shortness of breath. In some cases, there are also fainting spells. Sudden deaths due to cardiac arrhythmias also occur. The disease can occur at any age, mostly animals between one and a half and seven years are affected. Indicative symptoms of heart disease are:
Significantly decreasing joy of playing and resilience
accelerated breathing to the point of shortness of breath
Cyanosis (blue skin, lips, nail bed)
Syncope (fainting spells)
ascites (fluid build-up)
accelerated heart rate
There are numerous breed standards.
The basis of breed/conformation shows is the judging of pedigree dogs against the 'Breed Standard', which is a picture in words that describes the range of features that are deemed appropriate for the breed.
Three of the major international standards are:
The American Kennel Club
The Kennel Club, UK
FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale)
1. Swedish Insurance Data
Breed-specific information on rates of disease and death from Agria Pet Insurance (Agria Djurförsäkring) is available for many breeds.
This breed has information on Veterinary Care and Life Insurance.
2. Finnish Kennel Club Database - Dobermann: https://jalostus.kennelliitto.fi/frmEtusivu.aspx?R=143
Breeding/Health Strategy Documents
Health/Breeding Strategy Documents and Links:
The Kennel Club, UK: Breed Watch (Category 1)
Sweden: Breed-specific Breeding Strategies: (in Swedish) and/ or English summary
Finland: Jalostuksen tavoiteohjelma 2020-2024 - DOBERMANN
Breed-Specific DNA Tests:
Other Breed-Specific Webpages
See the POSTER
Doberman Diversity Project...
This poster was displayed at the 4th International Dog Health Workshop.
The poster provides an overview of results of genetic testing done by Embark through its Doberman Diversity Project panel test.
Genetic disease predisposition and diversity information is available.
Current participants / cohort data...
...primarily young dogs from the US...
Wade, C.M., Nuttall, R. & Liu, S. Comprehensive analysis of geographic and breed-purpose influences on genetic diversity and inherited disease risk in the Doberman dog breed. Canine Med Genet 10, 7 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40575-023-00130-3
Excerpt... a global perspective
Publicly available phenotype data and genotyping array data from two citizen science projects: “Doberman Health Surveys” and “The Doberman Diversity Project” were analyzed to explore relative homozygosity, diversity, and disorder risk according to geographical locale and breeding purpose in the Doberman."
We are listing sites for breed clubs with health or other information that might be helpful. Follow links below.
Canada: Doberman Pinscher Club of Canada
Germany: Dobermann Verein e.V.
UK: The Dobermann Club
USA: Doberman Pinscher Club of America
Finland: Suomen Dobermann Yhdistys Ry