Russia’s premiere Toy Dog & one of the smallest dogs in the world.
The Russkiy Toy, in spite of its tiny, petite size and appearance is very active, agile and has an excellent character. They are best described as bold, fearless and rarely show signs of aggression. The breed has two Varieties: Short and Long Haired. Fast learners trained with great ease, Russkiy Toys are extremely sociable with adults and children alike, as well other varieties of pets. Extremely loyal, the perfect companion lap dog, they love to snuggle around you and will let you know when they feel neglected!
Links to Breed Descriptions
Venäjäntoy – Suomen Kääpiökoirat ry: https://www.toydogs.fi/portfolio-item/venajantoy/
Australian National Kennel Council: Extended Breed Standard of THE RUSSIAN TOY:
Russian Toy Club of America: Russian Toy Primer
Other Names for Breed
Petit chien russe
Russische Toy Terrier
Country of Origin and Parent Breed Club
Национальный Клуб Породы "Русский Той" - http://rustoy-nkp.ru/
Breed Health Notes: DWN's breed content advisor for Russkiy Toy, Yvonne Sandberg-Åberg...
"Responsible breeders have as minimum parent dogs tested for Luxating Patella as well as Eye screened prior to each mating and do use only healthy dogs in their breeding program.
Russkiy Toy is known as a relatively healthy breed and we want to keep it as such thus health testing prior to breeding is very important.
Some cases with PRA, LCP - Epilepsy - Porta Cava Shunt - Heart issues - Syringomyelia - allergies are known but are very rare to date. Also some blue and lilac dogs are known to have alopecia."
"The most common eye condition ( source SKK and FKK health statistics ) is vitreous prolaps and vitreous degeneration which can only be detected by eye screening."
"No breed specific DNA tests are available to this date but breeders are working with Optigen with the aim identify the mutation for PRA - we depend on owners of dogs diagnosed with PRA to donate blood for Optigen research program for Russkiy Toy."
NKP: Tests results:
Varieties - Long Haired and Short Haired
Coat colors: Illustrated Colors: NKP: http://en.rustoy-nkp.ru/information/illustrated-colors
Black and tan
Brown and tan
Blue and tan
Lilac and tan
Red with black
Red with blue
Red with brown
Red with lilac
The colour of the nose matches the main hair colour.
There are numerous breed standards. The basis of breed/conformation shows is the judging of pedigree dogs against the 'Breed Standard', which is a picture in words that describes the range of features that are deemed appropriate for the breed. Three of the major international standards are:
The American Kennel Club
The Kennel Club, UK
FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale)
1. Finland: FKC: KoiraNet-jalostustietojärjestelmä: https://jalostus.kennelliitto.fi/frmEtusivu.aspx?R=352
2. US: OFA: https://www.ofa.org/recommended-tests?breed=RT&var=
3. Russia: : OFFICIAL DATABASE OF THE RUSSIAN TOY BREED: http://database.rustoy-nkp.ru/
Breeding/Health Strategy Documents
Health/Breeding Strategy Documents and Links:
The Kennel Club, UK: Breed Watch (Category 1)
Sweden: Breed-specific Breeding Strategies: (in Swedish) and/ or English summary
Finland: JTO: https://www.russiantoy.fi/jalostus/jalostuksen-tavoiteohjelma-jto/
Processing regulations: https://www.russiantoy.fi/jalostus/jalostussuositukset/
Finland: Suomen Venäjäntoyt ry: https://www.russiantoy.fi/rotu/terveys/
Breed-Specific DNA Tests
The Kennel Club list of DNA and health screening tests available for each breed - see: Breed-specific requirements and recommendations including health screening: https://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/dog-breeding/the-kennel-club-assured-breeders/breed-specific-requirements-and-recommendations-including-health-screening/
Other Breed-Specific Webpages
The Kennel Club: New Breed - The Russian Toy
Ria Hörter: Russische Toy Terrier (NL)
Ria Hörter: RUSSKIY TOY - Russian Toy (Terrier) (EN)
New Breeds Recognized by FCI – Russkiy Toy - Canine Chronicle August, 2013 Issue 178 – August, 2013
We are listing sites for breed clubs with health or other information that might be helpful. Follow links below.
Russia: Национальный Клуб Породы "Русский Той" - http://rustoy-nkp.ru/
Sweden: Svenska Russkiy Toy Klubben - http://www.srtk.se/
Finland: Suomen Venäjäntoyt ry - https://www.russiantoy.fi/
UK: Russian Toy Breed Club UK - http://www.russiantoyclubuk.co.uk/the-russian-toy-breed
US: Russian Toy Club of America - https://russiantoyclub.org/
France: Club Francais de l'epagneul Nain Continental & du Russkiy Toy - https://www.centrale-canine.fr/club-francais-de-l-epagneul-nain-continental
Australia: (ANKC) - http://ankc.org.au/Breed/Detail/11