A breed with a hunting heritage as an upland game and waterfowl dog, the Curly Coated Retriever is an active, quick and agile breed requiring plenty of exercise. Known for possessing a discerning independent nature, the dogs can be aloof with strangers and are protective, affectionate and loyal companions.
It has been claimed that the Curly Coated Retriever is the oldest of the Retriever breeds. He is also the tallest. The hallmark of the breed, a coat of small tight curls, nods acknowledgement to his ancestor, the English Water Spaniel, now extinct, which was added to a base of Retriever blood probably the Labrador. Poodle blood was also added to the mix to give the tightness of curl. The coat gives the dog a waterproof quality when retrieving ducks from water, the function for which he was originally bred.
Source: The Kennel Club (UK)
Links to Breed Descriptions:
US: AKC: CCRCA Illustrated Standard (PDF)
Australia: ANKC: Extended Breed Standard for the Curly-Coated Retriever (PDF)
Gun Dog Magazine: Breed Profile: The Curly-Coated Retriever: Jerry Thoms - July 10, 2012
Country of Origin and Parent Breed Club:
Curly Coated Retriever Club
The breed is classified by The Kennel Club as a Vulnerable Native Breed.
There are numerous breed standards. The basis of breed/conformation shows is the judging of pedigree dogs against the 'Breed Standard', which is a picture in words that describes the range of features that are deemed appropriate for the breed. Three of the major international standards are:
The American Kennel Club
The Kennel Club, UK
FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale)
1. Swedish Insurance Data Breed-specific information on rates of disease and death from Agria Pet Insurance (Agria Djurförsäkring) is available for many breeds.
This breed has information on Veterinary Care 2011-2016. Click here to view downloads.
2. Finland: Curly Coated Retriever FKC Database
3. UK, The Kennel Club: Population analysis of the Retriever (Curly Coated) breed 2015
4. US: OFA: Breed Reports
Breeding/Health Strategy Documents:
Health/Breeding Strategy Documents and Links:
The Kennel Club, UK: Breed Watch
Schemes or advice relevant to this breed (UK)
Sweden: Breed-specific Breeding Strategies: (in Swedish) and/ or English summary
US: OFA: CHIC: Recommended tests
UK, The Kennel Club: Health Survey for Curly Coated Retrievers 2004 (PDF)
UK, The Kennel Club: Curly Coated Retriever Pedigree Breed Health Survey 2014 (PDF)
UK, The Curly Coated Retriever Club: Breed Health Survey 2014/15 (PDF)
Breed-Specific DNA Tests:
The Kennel Club list of DNA tests available for each breed along with an indication as to whether the test is part of the Assured Breeder Scheme (recommended or required) and whether it is recorded on the Kennel Club registration database
HGTD Curly coated Retriever
Gun Dog: Breeds: Meat Dog: The Curly Coated Retriever
Gun Dog: The "Blue Collar" Retriever
ShowSite Magazine: Q&A: The Curly-Coated Retriever
Canine Chronicle: The History of the Curly-Coated Retriever
Canine Chronicle: The Curly-Coated Retriever… A Spaniel in Sheep’s Clothing?
Other Breed-Specific Webpages:
Germany: DRC Database
Clinical and pathological features of hair coat abnormalities in curly coated retrievers from UK and Sweden (PDF)
R. Bond ,1, K. Varjonen , A. Hendricks , Y. M. Chang and H. Brooks Brownlie
Glycogen storage disease (GSD) in Curly-coated retrievers
University of Helsinki: A curly finding in canine genes
We are listing sites for breed clubs with health or other information that might be helpful. Follow links below.
UK: Curly Coated Retriever Club
US: Curly-Coated Retriever Club of America
Sweden: Svenska Curly Coated Retrieverklubben
Finland: Suomen Noutajakoirajärjestö ry
Norway: Norsk Retrieverklubb
Germany: Deutsche Retriever Club e.V. (DRC)