The Papillon, also called the Continental Toy Spaniel, is a breed of dog of the Spaniel type. One of the oldest of the toy spaniels, it derives its name from its characteristic butterfly-like look of the long and fringed hair on the ears, the French word for "butterfly" being papillon.
Links to Breed Descriptions:
German Kennel Club (VDH) (Hint: your browser should be able to Translate to English, at least for text (e.g., right click in Google Chrome or Internet Explorer).)
View more videos on
AKC's YouTube Channel.
THE ILLUSTRATED STANDARD OF THE PAPILLON
Other Names for Breed:
Phalène (drop ear type)
Continental Toy Spaniel
Epagneul Nain Continental
Country of Origin and Parent Breed Club:
Country of origin: France/Belgium
Health and Well-Being:
Some sources of health information include:
National kennel clubs and breed clubs (see, e.g. Breeding/Health Strategy Documents, below)
Population-level statistics (see, e.g., Swedish Insurance Data, below)
Breed club surveys
Danny R. Ford II & Ruth Ann Ramsey-Ford's Show Paps website: health information:
There are numerous breed standards.
The basis of breed/conformation shows is the judging of pedigree dogs against the 'Breed Standard', which is a picture in words that describes the range of features that are deemed appropriate for the breed.
Three of the major international standards are:
The American Kennel Club
The Kennel Club, UK
FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale)
1. Swedish Insurance Data Breed-specific information on rates of disease and death from Agria Pet Insurance (Agria Djurförsäkring) is available for many breeds.
This breed has information on Veterinary Care and Life Insurance.
Click here to view downloads
2. The Kennel Club -
Population analysis of the Papillon breed - September 2015
3. Finland: Koiranet: papillon:
Breeding/Health Strategy Documents:
Health/Breeding Strategy Documents and Links:
The Kennel Club, UK:
Sweden: Breed-specific Breeding Strategies: (
in Swedish) and/ or English summary
The Kennel Club -
Papillon Pedigree Breed Health Survey
Papillon Club of America Health Surveys -
Note: The 2005-2010 survey
(https://docs.wixstatic.com/ugd/1b6eff_b38f083f7fb74cf9953931d0dc219b3c.pdf) contains responses from owners in multiple countries (1976 dogs, males: 965/females: 985).
Breed-Specific DNA Tests:
Kennel Club list of DNA tests available for each breed along with an indication as to whether the test is part of the Assured Breeder Scheme (recommended or required) and whether it is recorded on the Kennel Club registration database.
The Kennel Club has approved a
new DNA testing scheme for Progressive Retinal Atrophy (Pap-PRA1) in Papillons, following consultation with the Papillon Breed Council on behalf of the breed clubs.
Other Breed-Specific Webpages:
Papillon Club of America - Papillon Health & Genetics Committee
This site contains information, reports and statistics on Papillon health screening.
The Complete Illustrated Standards for the Papillon and Phalene
Nousveau Paps ©2005 Ms D E Ashdown
This site contains considerable information and illustrations on the breed standards for papillon.
Breed Standard Comparison and Interview
We are listing sites for breed clubs with health or other information that might be helpful. Follow links below.
Canada: Papillon Canada
Denmark: Papillon Club Of Denmark
UK: Papillon (Butterfly Dog) Club
Finland: Suomen Papillon- ja Phaleneyhdistys: https://www.spphy.fi/
Sweden: Papillon Ringen: http://www.papillonringen.se/
US: Papillon Club of America: https://papillonclub.org/