These tests estimate the breed or breeds/types/varieties composing a dog. The specifics of breed identification vary by provider, and you should refer to their test descriptions for specifics. Some offerings may include disease risks or other traits.
Patents are linked to the specific GTP's offerings.
The HGTD genetic counselling resources index link above and links below provide access to basic introductory articles on genetics, articles on application of genetics in breed health management and advanced work in technical genetics research. Breed-specific information is also available in DWN's Pedigreed Dogs Database.