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    This document will serve as a compilation of different antimicrobial use resources from different countries around the world. This list is not exhaustive, and the purpose is to include a samples of guidelines from countries of both the first and third world origin. Countries are sorted alphabetically.

     

    We hope to keep developing this resource and welcome suggestions and submissions.

     

     

     

    Capture.thumb.JPG.8f759c64e87b267c5ee1521499b50534.JPGAustralia

     

    Guidelines

    Great resource with detailed guidelines for both feline and canine patients that are organized by anatomical part of the animal. Gives recommendations for non-antibiotic therapies based on disease as well as which antibiotic to use if necessary. Tabs available on PDF to easily access each section. 

    Australasian Infectious Disesse Advisory Panel (AIDAP): 2013.

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Flag_of_Canada_(Pantone).svg.thumb.png.33b30fd1d8719c18679e4bf957650b20.pngCanada

     

    Global and National Strategies

    From February 6 to 8, 2018, the Canadian Veterinary Medical Association (CVMA) will lead the second phase of two initiatives that support the global and national strategy to reduce antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and to improve antimicrobial stewardship and surveillance in animals.

    Canadian Veterinary Medical Association (CVMA): 2018.

     

    Guidelines

    Sparse and basic guidelines for veterinary use. These are not specific to companion animals, nor do they give recommendations of which antibiotics to use when.

    Canadian Veterinary Medical Association (CVMA): 1999.

     

    Surveillance

    Surveillance on AMR throughout Canada in multiple disciplines. There is a section of this document on veterinary AMR surveillance on p.32.

    National Collaborating Centre for Infectious Diseases: 2014.

     

     

     

     

     

    Capture.thumb.JPG.f4871ec5879f3635ac2fed18f30667a2.JPGDenmark

     

    Guidelines

    Excellent resource with detailed guidelines specific to companion animal medicine. This article has both organ and disease specific recommendations as well as explanations of emerging resistant bacteria.

    Danish Small Animal Veterinary Association (SvHKS)

     

    Surveillance

    Manuscript discussing a study of bacterial isolates from healthy dogs. Objectives of this study were to identify resistant bacteria on the healthy dogs that were of clinical significance.

    University of Copenhagen Department of Veterinary Pathobiology: Damborg et al. 2007.

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Flag_of_Ethiopia.svg.png.3693ff293b7790c5a69273d4cd807975.pngEthiopia 

     

    [No guidelines or surveillance data found]

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    2000px-Civil_and_Naval_Ensign_of_France.svg.thumb.png.8d1119e1ea5eac2b522a35150bd81244.pngFrance

     

    Guidelines

    Good Practice Guide to Antimicrobial Therapy in Veterinary Medicine.docx (English)

    Basic veterinary antibiotic use guidelines not specific to companion animal medicine. General tips on antibiotic use without detailed information on the antibiotics and when to use them. Translated into English through Google Translate.

    The French National Society of Veterinary Technical Groups (SNGTV): 2009.

     

    Surveillance

    Monitoring of AMR in pathogens of animals in France. Data covers many species including dogs and covers a ten year span between 2005 and 2015.

    RESAPATH: 2015.

     

    Regulation

    Discusses legislative and regulatory action that has been taken and plans to further tackle this issue. Also discusses communication and education strategies on this issue. 

    ECOANTIBIO: 2017

     

     

     

    Globe.thumb.png.4322ceb18d3fdb37785b20de59661b7e.pngInternational

     

    Guidelines

    Detailed, step-by-step instruction on how to properly diagnose and treat pyoderma with good antibiotic stewardship. Images of lesions included for reference.

    International Society for Companion Animal Infectious Diseases (ISCAI: Hillier et al. 2014.

     

    Guidelines on antibiotic use for respiratory disease in feline and canine patients. This article has a useful table on first-line antibiotics to use based on disease.

    International Society for Companion Animal Infectious Diseases (ISCAID): Lappin et al. 2017.

     

    Very useful color-coded chart that can be printed out for your practice. Organized by organ system and common conditions in each. Chart includes recommendations on diagnosis and treatment following prudent antimicrobial use.

    Federation of European Companion Animal Veterinary Associations (FECAVA): 2013.

     

    Surveillance

    Global plan to tackle the AMR issue through research, education, surveillance, and international partnerships. This plan also talks about the European Commission's next steps they are taking to help stop AMR. This covers all disciplines and is not specific to companion animal medicine.

    European Commission: 2011.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Flag_of_Mexico.svg.thumb.png.d340e6714b5f3b7cbcaeaead608661c0.pngMexico

     

    [No guidelines or surveillance data found]

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Capture.thumb.JPG.38f9b30b96084c1addeb4143ea765947.JPGSweden 

     

    Guidelines

    Detailed guidelines for antibiotic use specific to companion animal medicine. This article is organized by organ system, and includes etiology, bacteriology, diagnosis, and treatment of common infections in each system.

    Swedish Veterinary Association: 2009.

     

    Surveillance

    Monitoring resistance of zoonotic pathogens, mainly Escherichia coli and Enterococcus spp, in animals. The project spanned from 2000 to 2005 and includes data from pig pathogenic isolates. 

    National Veterinary Institute (SVA): Bengtsson et al. 2006.

     


     

     

     

     

    1280px-Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg.thumb.png.a4448014852a193a0756ebc82649f7f2.pngUnited Kingdom

     

    Guidelines

    Discusses first, second, and third-line antibiotics to use for skin diseases. Also brings into account owner compliance and recurrence issues. 

    British Veterinary Association (BVA): Beco et al. 2013.

     

    Pamphlet on basic antimicrobial resistance information and prevention recommendations for veterinary surgeons. Lacks specific antibiotic use recommendations.

    Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD)

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Capture2.thumb.JPG.9897a2ff6fc74177e0ecb52d5138783c.JPGUnited States of America

     

    Guidelines

    Very basic guidelines on antibiotic use in canine and feline patients without going too in-depth. The article talks about general recommendations to prevent AMR through using culture and sensitivity, hygiene, etc.

    American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) and American Association of Feline Practitioners (AAFP): 2014.

     

    Surveillance

    Reviews past surveillance between 1996 and 2011 and discusses a strategic plan to be implemented between 2012-2016.

    The United States Department of Health and Human Services: 2012.

     

     

     

     

     

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              

     

    This article is part of the IPFD Student Project 2017 by Ariel Minardi.

     

    For an overview of her project and links to other material on Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) and Prudent Use of Antibiotics see: 

    IPFD Student Project 'B.A.R.K. | Bacterial Antimicrobial Resistance Knowledge' - Overview 

     

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              

     



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