The French Bulldog is a small breed of domestic dog. "Frenchies" were the result in the 1800s of a cross between bulldog ancestors imported from England and local ratters in Paris (France).
Links to Breed Descriptions:
Judging the French Bulldog (AKC -- Illustrated Breed Standard)
AKC Video (link - https://youtu.be/P7rIdO1txwU):
View more videos on AKC's YouTube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/AmericanKennelClub
SCC Video (link - https://youtu.be/tazcnw7rFoQ):
View more videos on SCC's YouTube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCKR90_uWp8dUNpGTfQ_y_Zw
Other Names for Breed:
Country of Origin and Parent Breed Club:
France - Club du Bouledogue Francais: www.cbf-asso.org
Health and Well-Being:
Some sources of health information include:
National kennel clubs and breed clubs (see, e.g. Breeding/Health Strategy Documents, below)
Population-level statistics (see, e.g., Swedish Insurance Data, below)
Breed club surveys
There are numerous breed standards.
The basis of breed/conformation shows is the judging of pedigree dogs against the 'Breed Standard', which is a picture in words that describes the range of features that are deemed appropriate for the breed.
Three of the major international standards are:
The American Kennel Club
The Kennel Club, UK
FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale)
1. Swedish Insurance Data
Breed-specific information on rates of disease and death from Agria Pet Insurance (Agria Djurförsäkring) is available for many breeds.
2. Toy Dog Association: Finland
Breeding/Health Strategy Documents:
Health/Breeding Strategy Documents and Links:
The Kennel Club, UK: Breed Watch
Sweden: Breed-specific Breeding Strategies: (in Swedish) and/or English Summary
The German Kennel Club (VDH) | Internationaler Klub für Französische Bulldoggen e.V. (IKFB)
FEATURE: Bullies, Pugs and Bulldogs – the current top runners
"The snub-nosed are currently high up on the list of favourite dogs... At the VDH even French Bulldogs & Co have to clear high hurdles for breeding. By means of a stress test, for example, they have to prove that they really are top runners. Journalist Philip Alsen and his camera team paid a visit to the International Club for French Bulldogs (IKFB) to witness a breeding soundness examination."
Article/Video Link (English): http://www.vdh.de/en/news/artikel/bullies-pugs-and-bulldogs-the-current-top-runners/
PRESENTATION: A Genetic Overview of the French Bulldog: Dr. Jerold Bell (2009): Click here to view downloads
Norsk Kennel Klub (Norwegian) Versjon 1 Gyldig t.o.m.: http://www.dogwellnet.com/files/file/129-french-bulldog-ras-norsk-kennel-klub-norwegian/
The French Bulldog Club of England: French Bulldog Breed Watch Report (2014)
Also see the BSI, FCI Group 9 - http://www.skk.se/Global/Dokument/Utstallning/special-breed-specific-instructions-A8.pdf
Excerpt: "French Bulldog (Bouledogue francais) - brachycephalic and small molossoïd breed
The special conformation of this breed with shortened skull and overly short bridge of nose as well as underdeveloped tail, cause health problems if exaggerated further.
Areas of risk are:
Breathing: Problems which could result from overly short muzzle as well as pinched nostrils, insufficient room foremost in throat, pharyngeal cavities and/or ribcage.
Face: Too short muzzle and protruding eyes which increase the risk of eye injuries.
Proportions and construction: Overly short proportions in neck and back as well as insufficient angulation in fore and hindquarters can cause powerless dragging movement.
Underdeveloped tail : Lack of visible/touchable tail vertebrae is a disqualifying fault.
Look for sound breathing, correct bridge of nose, eyes, skin, tail and movement. Breed standard reads; "Length of muzzle about 1/6 of the total length of the head".
Gait should be free and active. The breed standard calls for an "active" dog which is "powerful for its small size, short, compact in all its proportions", but the French Bulldog must not be excessively short in neck and back."
9. UK: The Kennel Club: Breed Population Analyses: Recognising the importance of managing the rate of inbreeding, the Kennel Club's Population analysis reports allow breeders to review the unique situation for each breed.
Breed-Specific DNA Tests:
The Kennel Club list of DNA tests available for each breed along with an indication as to whether the test is part of the Assured Breeder Scheme (recommended or required) and whether it is recorded on the Kennel Club registration database. http://www.dogwellnet.com/content/health-and-breeding/screening-tests/dna/dna-tests-for-use-in-breeding-decisions/the-kennel-club-breed-specific-dna-tests-upd-r234
Articles on DogWellNet that address the specific breed's health, welfare, issues, and conditions:
French Bulldog Breed Watch Report
IKFB - Interview - German International Club for French Bulldogs
French Bulldog - The Kennel Club - Dog Health Group Annual Report 2013
Bullies, Pugs and Bulldogs – The Current Top Runners
"We are the nerds" Dr. Anne Posthoff, the president of the German International Club for French Bulldogs, explains why the rules for breeding French Bulldogs in Germany are among the strictest in the world.
Other Breed-Specific Webpages:
The French Bulldog Club of England:
The health information available includes reports, research studies as well as information on judging the French Bulldog
The French Bulldog Club of England's "Health News" section includes research information:
BRACHYCEPHALIC OBSTRUCTIVE AIRWAY SYNDROME RESEARCH PROGRAM: http://www.frenchbulldogclubofengland.org.uk/boas--spine-studies.html
Health Improvement Strategy: "French Bulldog Club of England Health Improvement Strategy 2012" at: http://www.frenchbulldogclubofengland.org.uk/uploads/1/5/9/2/15927418/french_bulldog_club_of_england_health_improvement_strategy_2012.pdf
The Universities Federation for Animal Welfare (UFAW): French Bulldog: Hemivertebrae: http://www.ufaw.org.uk/HEMIVERTEBRAEFRENCHBULLDOGS.php
An information resource for prospective pet owners.
French Studies (in French): ÉTUDE ÉPIDÉMIOLOGIQUE DES ANOMALIES RADIOGRAPHIQUES DES VERTÈBRES THORACIQUES DU BOULEDOGUE FRANCAIS (Radiograpghic Anomolies of the thoracic vertebrae in French Bulldogs):
https://youtu.be/dj9SaFY6XmE (please note: you will need to go to YouTube to view this video - [French])
4. UK: Non-invasive Respiratory Function Assessment in Brachycephalic Dogs
For further explanation of this research see the - Flyer
owner- breeder participation options
Queen's Veterinary School Hospital
Department of Veterinary Medicine
University of Cambridge
BOAS Research website: http://www.vet.cam.ac.uk/boas
We are listing sites for breed clubs with health or other information that might be helpful. Follow links below.
Norway: Norsk Bulldog Klubb
Finland: Ranskanbulldogit ry
Sweden: Fransk Bulldogg Klubb Sverige
USA: French Bull Dog Club of America
Australia: Bulldog Club of NSW / French Bulldog Club of Victoria
Austria: Club für Französische Bulldoggen
Belgium: French Bulldog Club
Canada: Bulldog Fanciers of Canada
Czech Republic: Klub Francouzských buldocku Praha
England: Northern Counties French Bulldog Club / Bulldog Club of England
France: Le Club du Bouledogue Français / Cercle Européen du Bouledogue Français
Germany: Internationaler Klub für Französische Bulldoggen e.V. - IKFB
Italy: Club Bouledougue Francese
Netherlands: Bulldoggen Club HBC
Spain: Española para el Fomento de la Raza Bulldog Francés
Switzerland: Schweizerischer Klub für französische Bulldoggen