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IPFD Student Project 'B.A.R.K. | Bacterial Antimicrobial Resistance Knowledge' - Chronological Overview


    Here is the catalog and links to work on the 2017 IPFD Student Project on the global public health threat of antimicrobial resistance.  This article will be continuously updated during the summer of 2017 and serves as an index to references, links, blogs and other resources.  





    This is the second IPFD Student Project and  Ariel Minardi, our 2017 student, is developing articles, a blog and a video blog (‘vlog’) to share with the community. Ariel is a 3rd year veterinary student from The Ohio State University and her project is generously sponsored by the Skippy Frank Fund.


    Below is an overview of Ariel’s project.













    Project Objectives:


    • To research the epidemiology of antimicrobial resistance in dogs on an international level
    • To use a ‘One Health’ approach as a means of integrating knowledge for gathering information from experts in the veterinary, human medical, and environmental fields related to antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and behavior change.
    • To integrate alternative media methods of on-line learning as an educational experience for veterinarians, breeders, dog owners, and others involved with canine care. 
    • To persuade stakeholders to change behaviors to a more prudent use of antimicrobials (PUA).


    Resources Developed:


    1. Student Blog: The B.A.R.K. Blog includes vlogs (video blogs) on the progress of Ariel's project. The videos have a focus on the topic of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and will cover interesting and controversial questions in this subject matter. The blog will also include filmed interviews with experts in AMR, video shares, podcasts, and more! Below are links to published blog posts.


    1st B.A.R.K. Blog Entry: Super Bugs... They're Coming for Us!

    • Introduces the project and student— Ariel Minardi
    • Gives basic explanation of AMR and superbugs  


    2nd B.A.R.K. Blog Entry: Interview with Nurse Landers

    • Gaining insight on antimicrobial resistance from the nursing perspective


    3rd B.A.R.K. Blog Entry: The Ohio State University "Superbug"

    • Video share emphasizing a one-health approach to tackling AMR


    4th B.A.R.K. Blog Entry: Did You Know?

    • Podcast share from BBC talking about how the arising pandemic of AMR is going to out-compete cancer in casualties by 2050


    5th B.A.R.K. Blog Entry: TED Talk

    • Informative and inspiring TED talk by Maryn McKenna on AMR


    6th B.A.R.K. Blog Entry: Breeding Through Breeding

    • Breeding of superbugs through the imprudent use of antibiotics while breeding dogs


    7th B.A.R.K. Blog Entry: Video Share: AVMA Talks About Superbugs in Veterinary Medicine

    • American Veterinary Medical Association starts taking initiative in creating guidelines for more prudent antimicrobial use


    8th B.A.R.K. Blog Entry: Video Share: Antibiotic Use in Pets Could Give Rise to Superbugs

    • How antibiotic use in companion animal medicine is part of the resistance problem


    9th B.A.R.K. Blog Entry:  Review on AMR Conference at the National Academy of Science

    • Summary of my experience at the conference on antimicrobial resistance at the National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine. This conference took place on June 2017 in Washington, D.C.


    10th B.A.R.K. Blog Entry: 'One Health' Turning an Idea into Reality

    • This 'One Health' buzzword... what is it? Who is implementing it, and who actually is following through?


    11th B.A.R.K. Blog Entry: AMR and Our Environment

    • Explaining the role antibiotics play in environmental health


    12th B.A.R.K. Blog Entry: Thank You for Making This Possible!


    2. Articles: These are published in various sections of the website, depending on the topic.

    1st Published Article: Antimicrobial Resistance Resources

    • Serves as a table of contents and compiles AMR resources on DogWellNet and is organized by subject area


    2nd Published Article: The Basics of Antimicrobial Resistance

    • Overview of AMR
    • Explanation of the public health threats


    3rd Published Article: 'Breeding Through Breeding' and Prudent Use of Antimicrobials at Different Life Stages of the Dog

    • Responsible breeding and prudent use of antimicrobials through the different stages of a dog's life
    • Communication tips for veterinarians and breeders


    4th Published Article: Compendium of Companion Animal Antimicrobial Use Guidelines and Surveillance

    • Compilation of different antimicrobial use resources from different countries around the world.
    • This list is not exhaustive, and the purpose is to include a samples of guidelines from countries of both the first and third world origin.


    5th Published Article: Learning Module for Veterinary Professionals

    • The goal of this module is to learn how to change behaviors in your clinic to a more prudent usage of antimicrobials.


    6th Published Article: Learning Module for Dog Owners

    • The goal of this module is to learn how to change dog owner behavior to a more prudent usage of antimicrobials.





    Ariel is very thankful for this opportunity, and she is eager to share this important subject of AMR with breeders, veterinarians, veterinary students, and other stakeholders. She hopes these resources shared and are helpful in solving the issue of AMR.



    amr super bugs.png



    Source: Plos Biology article
    Does Medicine without Evolution Make Sense?
    MacCallum CJ (2007) PLoS Biol 5(4): e112. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050112

























Edited by Ariel Minardi

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