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Achromatopsia (Cone Degeneration, Hemeralopia), AMAL


Disease Name
Achromatopsia (Cone Degeneration, Hemeralopia), AMAL
Disease Name 2
Cone Degeneration
Gene Name
complete deletion
Test Type
Genetic Disease/Disorder
Achromatopsia (AMAL form) can cause day-blindness, total colorblindness, and limited vision particularly with regards to shapes and details of objects. For some breeds with this form of achromatopsia, there may be a late-onset. Please note that there are several forms of this disease that have tests available.
Details 2
Achromatopsia is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by the loss of cone photoreceptor function that results in day-blindness, total colorblindness, and decreased central visual acuity. (Yeh et al., 2013)
Sidjanin, D.J., Lowe, J.K., McElwee, J.L., Milne, B.S., Phippen, T.M., Sargan, D.R., Aguirre, G.D., Acland, G.M., Ostrander, E.A.: Canine CNGB3 mutations establish cone degeneration as orthologous to the human achromatopsia locus ACHM3 Human Molecular Genetics 11:1823-33, 2002. Pubmed reference: 12140185.
Published 2
Yeh, C.Y., Goldstein, O., Kukekova, A.V., Holley, D., Knollinger, A.M., Huson, H.J., Pearce-Kelling, S.E., Acland, G.M., Komáromy, A.M.: Genomic deletion of CNGB3 is identical by descent in multiple canine breeds and causes achromatopsia. BMC Genet 14:27, 2013. Pubmed reference: 23601474. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2156-14-27.
Published 3
Komáromy, A.M., Rowlan, J.S., Corr, A.T., Reinstein, S.L., Boye, S.L., Cooper, A.E., Gonzalez, A., Levy, B., Wen, R., Hauswirth, W.W., Beltran, W.A., Aguirre, G.D.: Transient Photoreceptor Deconstruction by CNTF Enhances rAAV-Mediated Cone Functional Rescue in Late Stage CNGB3-Achromatopsia. Mol Ther :, 2013. Pubmed reference: 23568263. DOI: 10.1038/mt.2013.50.
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