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Chondrodysplasia

General

Disease Name
Chondrodysplasia
OMIA
187
Gene Name
FGF4 retrogene insertion on Ch 18
Mutation
g.33710178_33710179insMF040221
OMIM
225500
Test Type
Other Genetic Traits
Details
Chondrodysplasia is a catagory of skeletal dysplasia leading to abnormal growth of cartilage, resulting in distinct dwarf characteristics. Even though Chondrodysplasia is normally regarded as a defect in not-short breeds, this canine mutation is not always classified as a defect, but as a short-legged phenotype that defines at least 19 dog breeds including Dachshund, Corgi, and Basset Hound.
Details 2
Chondrodysplasia is a catagory of skeletal dysplasia leading to abnormal growth of cartilage, resulting in distinct dwarf characteristics. Even though chondrodysplasia is normally regarded as a defect in not-short breeds, this canine mutation is not always classified as a defect, but as a short-legged phenotype that defines at least 19 dog breeds including Dachshund, Corgi, and Basset Hound. However, this form of dwarfism can come with increased risk of developing IVDD, ADIP/AD for IVDD risk
Published
Parker, HG., Vonholdt, BM., Quignon, P., Margulies, EH., Shao, S., Mosher, DS., Spady, TC., Elkahloun, A., Cargill, M., Jones, PG., Maslen, CL., Acland, GM., Sutter, NB., Kuroki, K., Bustamante, CD., Wayne, RK., Ostrander, EA. : An expressed fgf4 retrogene is associated with breed-defining chondrodysplasia in domestic dogs. Science 325:995-8, 2009. Pubmed reference: 19608863. DOI: 10.1126/science.1173275.
Published 2
Brown, E.A., Dickinson, P.J., Mansour, T., Sturges, B.K., Aguilar, M., Young, A.E., Korff, C., Lind, J., Ettinger, C.L., Varon, S., Pollard, R., Brown, C.T., Raudsepp, T., Bannasch, D.L. : FGF4 retrogene on CFA12 is responsible for chondrodystrophy and intervertebral disc disease in dogs. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114:11476-11481, 2017. Pubmed reference: 29073074. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1709082114.
Published 3
Emily A. Brown, Peter J. Dickinson, Tamer Mansour, Beverly K. Sturges, Miriam Aguilar, Amy E. Young, Courtney Korff, Jenna Lind, Cassandra L. Ettinger, Samuel Varon, Rachel Pollard, C. Titus Brown, Terje Raudsepp, Danika L. Bannasch. 2017. FGF4 retrogene
Body/System/Process
Skeletal
Inheritance
AR
Gene Name Text
fibroblast growth factor 4
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