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Search Term: Belgian shepherd dog/ Malinois


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Belgian Shepherd Dog/ Malinois

The Malinois /ˈmælɨnwɑː/ is a medium to large breed of dog, sometimes classified as a variety of the Belgian Shepherd Dog rather than as a separate breed. It is named after the Belgian city of Malines, where the breed originated. Its name is the French word for Mechlinian, which in Dutch is either Mechelse herder or Mechelaar (one from Mechelen).


NOTE: The Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) describes the Malinois, together with the Groenendael, the Laekenois, and the Tervueren, as varieties of the Belgian Shepherd dog breed. The American Kennel Club, however, officially recognizes the Belgian Malinois, the Belgian Sheepdog (FCI: Groenendael), the Belgian Laekenois (FCI: Laekenois), and the Belgian Tervuren (FCI: Tervueren) as four distinct breeds.



  • Genetic Test Ratings for Specific Breeds
    greenpaw.png  Some, moderate or strong evidence from available research. The test may be meaningful or recommended for this breed.
    yellowpaw.png  Unknown, not evaluated, or no evidence for the use of this test in this breed.
    orangepaw.png  All current available evidence has been reviewed, but relevance is inconclusive, and/or the clinical form of the disease has never been seen in this breed.
    redpaw.png  All current evidence indicates that the test is not meaningful or recommended in this breed.
    Ratings for the tests available for ALL DOGS are similar to those for individual breeds, but reflect the general level of relevance across all dogs.

    Breed Relevance Rating : The HGTD database includes a simplified rating, indicating the level of available evidence supporting the use of a specific genetic test for each breed/type. The relevance rating is determined based on various evidence sources, including peer-reviewed research papers, recommendations from the original researchers/test developers, and input from additional experts including veterinary specialists and breed experts.

    It is important when considering the ratings to understand that this indicates how much we currently know or do not know about a specific test for a specific breed. This does not necessarily indicate how “good”, or “bad” a test is. It also does not indicate the wider clinical importance of the disease or condition.  Genetic tests should be used as tools within the Big Picture of health for any breed.

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